Cheating in chess – it's all in the news

by ChessBase
2/1/2013 – The problem simply won't go away. The latest incident involves the former mayor of an Italian town who has been banned for allegedly using a hidden micro camera and earpiece to receive electronic assistance in tournament games. The ACP has launched a petition for players to get FIDE to address the general cheating issue. So far 517 players have signed, including 190 GMs.

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A former mayor of the northern town of Buccinasco, near Milan, Loris Cereda, has been banned for allegedly using dark glasses that had been fitted with a hidden micro camera in at three tournament games. The glasses sent live images of his opponent's moves to a powerful chess software programme that then dictated through a secret earpiece the correct counter-move to make. Cereda, a member of Berlusconi's People of Freedom Party, was exposed by fellow players who had witnessed a sudden improvement in his game. Cereda was transformed from a mediocre amateur player into a local Garry Kasparov, they said.

Cereda said: "I've never cheated nor used strange technology during matches. There have been tournaments in which I played well but also many others which went badly. Nearly all the tournaments were played in the presence of a referee and a fair number of spectators. My mistake has been not to show up in front of the judging panel but I didn't want to fuel controversies that could have damaged the world of chess that is my passion and has been part of my life for 40 years. I've never been less than a good sport and as someone who loves this sport, I could not imagine doing such a thing."

Cereda is also facing corruption charges after he was allegedly filmed taking a €10,000 bribe to green-light the construction of a car park next to a shopping centre.

Addendum (May 4, 2018): Loris Cereda informs us that sentence of appeal, some months later, exonerated him from any responsability, declaring his complete innocence. "Actually my only fault was to consider the accusations so foolish as to not present any defense to the first court" he wrote. "Amazing this court, without any proof, declared me guilty. Then, at the appeal level, I demonstrated that nothing was true in the accusation package. The games themselves were totally outside any assisted performance play. The glasses were a well known model with LED light, used to read in the night. Finally the three accusers, when asked about the color of the "alleged earphones, declared three different versions. In the end, four months after the ban, I returned to tournament play, simply demonstrating my strength. You can easily check it on my FIDE profile.

This article by Dave McKenna tells us that the supremely old-school game of chess is dealing with a very avant-garde brand of unsportsmanlike conduct. It starts with a player named Clark Smiley, rated 1875 on the USCF list, who had won nine of the twelve tournaments he had recently participated in, and was crushing a much stronger opponent at the 2012 Virginia Scholastic and Collegiate Chess Tournament. He was entering his moves on a handheld Dell computer, using a scorekeeping app called eNotate, which its designers had convinced the USCF was fail-safe for cheating.

During the game tournament director Robert Getty spotted something fishy about the way Smiley consulted his personal digital assistant and moved in for a closer look. He halted the match and asked to see the PDA. Smiley pulled away and turned off his device, but after several uncomfortable seconds he handed it over without saying a word. Getty fired up the Dell again, and no scoresheet appeared. Instead, a screen popped up for a program from the Fritz line of so-called "chess engines. "These are super-smart, user-friendly apps," said Getty. "By pushing all the right buttons on a good chess engine, any Kardashian sister could conceivably checkmate Fischer."

Smiley admitted to Getty and others that he'd cheated, but claimed that this was the first and only time he had ever accessed an illegal program. Still he was thrown out of the tournament and, despite his unadvanced age, the Virginia Chess Federation used Smiley's name in their announcements of the suspension, one sign of how seriously they are taking the offense. According to USCF president Bill Hall, Smiley is, at 16 years old, the youngest computer cheat ever brought before the national sanctioning body. Smiley now faces a lifetime ban.

There follows more details about Smiley, the investigation of the case, consequences, and a history of other cases of chess cheating in this extensive Grantland report.

The ACP sent us the following appeal, which we can only pass on to our readers with the urgent request to sign the petition. It may well get things going in FIDE to do something about the problem.

Dear colleagues,

The ACP has been discussing the problem of computer-assisted cheating in chess for a long time. Now it is time to act.

As a first step, we need to collect the voices of the chess professionals who believe that cheating in chess is a major problem. Immediately thereafter, we shall turn to FIDE with the request to address this issue urgently and to take the required steps (we are in the process of polishing up our proposals). Of course, it is crucial that as high a number of chess professionals as possible signs our petition.

Please click here to raise your voice and to help all chess professionals to engage their battle against cheating! Sign the ACP's petition for urgent action to be taken in the field of computer-assisted cheating and add your voice to that of your colleagues. Now!

ACP Board

The petition page also list all signatories (on January 31 there were 517, of which 190 have GM titles)

Dr. Kenneth W. Regan, an associate professor of computer science at the University at Buffalo, who is also an IM at chess, has been researching the problem of cheating for more than five years now. He has written software to check for cheating has been called as an expert witness in recent cheating scandals. Click on the above screen shot to read his latest article, and don't miss the Slashdot discussion of it.

Cheating in chess has also been in the New York Times repeatedly in the past year. Click on the screen shot to jump to the most recent article.

Recent ChessBase articles on cheating in chess

Cheating suspicion at the Zadar Open in Croatia
04.01.2013 – In this event, with 16 GMs and a host of other strong players, one participant stood out especially: the 25-year-old untitled Bulgarian Borislav Ivanov scored 6.0/9 points, with a rating performance of 2697. In the January FIDE list Ivanov has gained 115 points over his previous 2277 rating, gained in over 400 games over three years. A certain suspicion once again raises its ugly head.
Cheating scandal in Croatia – feedback and analysis
08.01.2013 – Recently we reported that the incredibly brilliant play by a 25-year-old untitled Bulgarian player at the Zadar Open in Croatia had raised suspicion that he might have been using illicit electronic assistance during his games. A number of readers criticised us – for linking to the mainstream Croatian media reports?! One of them, an expert in the field, actually analysed all the games in question.
Cheating scandal – Borislav Ivanov speaks out
17.01.2013 – Recently a 25-year-old untitled Bulgarian player scored 6.0/9 points in a strong GM tournament, with a 2697 performance. His opponents complained, he was searched, and no electronic equipment was found. Still, the case put chess on the front pages of the mainstream media, and led to intense discussions on the Internet. Now Ivanov has given the Russian news portal WhyChess an exclusive interview.
Cheating scandal in the Bundesliga – readers' reactions
30.10.2012 – It will surprise nobody that there were a very large number of messages that poured in regarding our recent report on the disqualification of a Bundesliga player for carrying a cellphone to the bathroom during his games. Here's a small selection of letters, plus a thoughtful article by Assistant Professor Kung-Ming Tiong of Malaysia, comparing the problem in chess with academic cheating.
Cheating scandal: player disqualified for cell phone use
27.10.2012 – Actually, as the accused player, German GM Falko Bindrich, points out: not for proven use but for refusing to allow the arbiter to examine the phone he had with him during multiple toilet visits during last weekend's Bundesliga round. The rules permit the arbiter to check in case of justified suspicion, and so Bindrich was disqualified and the point awarded to his opponent. Long, compelling read.

Articles on cheating over the year

Feller's interview, and a solution to the cheating scandal
23.08.2011 – The French Championship is in its eighth round, with four GMs in the joint lead. The event is marred by continued suspicion and anti-cheating measures, brought on by accusations that one of the participants had in the past engaged in organised cheating. Sébastien Feller has given an interview on the subject, and we have a proposal on how to clear up the matter quickly.
Anti-cheating: the fifteen minute debate continues
29.06.2011 – Our recent reply to stern criticism leveled against us in the Dutch magazine New in Chess resulted, unsurprisingly, in a large number of letters from our readers, many quite effusive. But we decided not to publish any until at least one turned up supporting the views of our NiC critic. Six weeks went by until it at last came, authored by the critic himself. Now we can publish your letters.
Brilliance, drama and scandal at the German Championship
04.06.2011 – GM Igor Kenkin tied for first with GM Jan Gustafsson, winning the championship on the tiebreak score. In the women's section Sarah Hoolt took sole first with 7.5/9 points. In round six the defending champion, 19-year-old IM Niclas Huschenbeth played a delightful game against Gustafsson, and in the final round FM Christoph Natsidis was disqualified for cheating. Big illustrated report.
Anti-cheating: the fifteen minute broadcast delay
13.05.2011 – For five years we have been trying to get FIDE to implement a 15-minute delay in the Internet broadcast of important games – to make organised cheating harder. A chess journalist has now pointed out a fatal flaw in the plan: it would force chess journalists to walk many yards to find out the current status of the games. Damn – and we thought it was such a good idea! What is your opinion?
Cheating scandal: Opinions, concerns and revelations
06.04.2011 – In a series of interviews, Robert Fontaine from Europe Echecs, culled the opinions of the players, to get a clearer idea on how players both French and foreign viewed the cheating scandal. A lengthy interview with Jean-Claude Moingt, the president of the French federation, revealed not only the next steps to be taken, but also that confessions were not only made to the players. An eye-opener.
Cheating in chess: the problem won't go away
30.03.2011 – As you know the recent suspicion of organized cheating during a Chess Olympiad has led to three French players being suspended. One is currently playing in the European Individual Championship, where his colleagues have published an open letter demanding additional security. For years we have been proposing a remedy for this very serious problem. It needs to be implemented now.
French Chess Federation suspends players accused of cheating
21.03.2011 – On Saturday the Disciplinary Committee of the French Chess Federation suspended GMs Sebastien Feller, Arnaud Hauchard and IM Cyril Marzolo, finding them “guilty of a violation of sporting ethics” for allegedly cheating during the Chess Olympiad 2010 in Khanty-Mansiysk. The three received suspensions, after evidence was presented, including a detailed description of how it was done.
FFE Cheating: Judge rules incriminating SMS inadmissible
11.03.2011 – After unearthing a series of SMS messages between players accused of cheating at the Olympiad using a phone lent by the French Chess Federation vice president, the FFE sought to have those messages transcribed and included as evidence in the upcoming Disciplinary Committee. A judge ruled that secrecy could only be waived if the FFE sued in court, as the FFE explains in a public statement.
FFE: cheating not the first time, Biel statement
01.02.2011 – The French Chess Federation disclosed they had evidence that the "organized cheating" accusation, which has rocked the chess world recently, is in fact not the first time. They have now mandated the Federal Bureau to take the case to trial in a court of law. Meanwhile the Organisers in Biel have issued a statement on the same players earlier last year in their Master Group. Open letters.
French GMs: ''We express our full support of the FFE
27.01.2011 – Four grandmasters Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Laurent Fressinet, Vladislav Tkachiev and Romain Edouard have expressed their dismay at the charges brought against three of their colleagues who are accused of cheating. "If the allegations are found to be true, we will condemn them firmly," they write, in this public statement in Europe Echecs.
Battesti: 'It's insulting to our president and his federation'
24.01.2011 – Instead of adopting an ostrich position the President of the French Chess Federation and his VP have initiated an investigation of French Olympiad members suspected of cheating. They have appointed Leo Battesti, a Sorbonne-educated lawyer, as the spokesperson for the Federation. Battesti has reacted to the criticism of one of the accused player with an interview in Europe Echecs.
Feller replies: 'I completely deny the cheating accusations'
24.01.2011 – Two days ago the French Chess Federation announced the investigation of three French players on suspicion of "organized cheating" at the Chess Olympiad in Khanty-Mansyik. Now one of the three, 19-year-old French GM Sebastien Feller, has replied emphatically, implying that the entire action was a result of his support of the current FIDE president (the FFE supported his rival Karpov). Open letter.
Edward Winter's Chess Explorations (56)
23.01.2011 – Cunning, gamesmanship, skulduggery, bluff, trickery, foxiness, dishonesty and cheating are just some of the terms that may be applied to a set of episodes related by the Editor of Chess Notes. They include play-acting, intentional time-trouble and illegal moves. Never let it be suggested that chessplayers are devoid of ingenuity in trying to outwit their opponents by fair means or foul.
FFE accuses its own players of cheating
22.01.2011 – Shocking news: the French Chess Federation (FFE) has announced that it has initiated disciplinary action against three players – one of them one of France's most promising talents – on suspicion of "organized cheating, serious breach of sport ethics, undermining the image of the national Olympic team in Khanty-Mansyik”. We are following the investigation. Press release.
Anand: Russia is still one of the strongest chess nations in the world
21.11.2009 – "For the greatest part of my life I have been fighting the three K’s – Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik," says Vishy Anand on Moscow radio. "I have played no fewer than a hundred games with each of them." The World Champion talks about the Russian school, chess as an Olympic sport, computer cheating and the world championship format. Interview with WGM Elmira Mirzoeva.
Wesley So wins Dubai Open, player disqualified for cheating
17.04.2008 – 14-year-old Wesley, the world's youngest grandmaster, has won this year's Dubai Open. Wesley scored 7/9 with a 2708 performance. The event was marred by a case of cheating: an untitled Iranian player was caught receiving moves by SMS on his cellphone. His brilliancies against grandmasters were annulled and the delinquent disqualified. Shocking.
Washington Post: Winning by Rook or by Crook
18.11.2007 – It's been a banner year for cheating scandals in sports. But a couch potato's juices really start to flow when the epidemic spreads to chess. Paul Hoffman was particularly horrified that an eight-year-old participant at a children's championship was accused of receiving illicit help. The journalist, author and chess aficionado vents his frustration in today's Washington Post op ed piece.
FIDE Ethics Commission rules on Short and Topalov/Danailov
31.08.2007 – After intense deliberation over the complaints brought against Nigel Short, who had criticised top FIDE officers, and Veselin Topalov and Silvio Danailov for accusing Vladimir Kramnik of cheating during the 2006 World Championship, the Ethics Commission has issued severe reprimands against the latter, while Nigel was warned for using the word "dunderhead". Full judgements.
FIDE to hold public hearing on Topalov/Danailov
17.07.2007 – FIDE Ethics Commission is to hold a hearing (on July 28 in Athens) on the activities of Veselin Topalov and his manager Silvio Danailov during and after the 2006 World Championship match in Elista, in particular the accusations that his opponent may have been cheating and that the Topalov team was under pressure by the organisers and FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov. Statement and summary.
Kramnik on cheating and what to do about it
07.06.2007 – "Did you cheat in Elista?" That is the first question we put to Vladimir Kramnik on this touchy subject. "No, I never cheated in my life," he replied, "not in winning or losing, buying or selling games, and of course no cheating during a game." In part three of our interview the world champion speaks about accusations raised against him in Elista. Warning: this segment contains harsh language.
FIDE to ACP on cheating: problem recognized
11.03.2007 – "During the last Presidential Board in Antalya FIDE officers were tasked with identifying measures and reviewing ideas for the improvements sought to reduce opportunities to cheat," FIDE says in reaction to the ACP letter we published a few days ago. Further suggestions are welcome.
ACP to FIDE: do something about cheating in chess!
08.03.2007 – The subject simply won't go away. Realizing the gravity of the situation the Association of Chess Professionals has demanded that FIDE take immediate action to find a solution to the problem of cheating in general. Meanwhile new accusations have been raised against an Indian IM. Press release.
Kommersant: new cheating accusations against Topalov
11.02.2007 – It just won't go away. On Friday the Russian newspaper Kommersant published a lead story on what it claims is new evidence for assistance given to the world's top-rated player Veselin Topalov during his games. A three-minute video by a Dutch fan is presented as evidence. The ACP and FIDE have vowed to investigate. Report and video footage.
Andrew Martin – The Inside Guide to Chess Cheating
07.02.2007 – It seems that the modern tournament player cannot get by without having at least a working knowledge of the ways one can extract the maximum out of a chess game. In this week's Radio ChessBase Show on Andrew Martin covers the basics of cheating. Miss it at your own cost.
Nigel Short pushes for cheating enquiry
01.02.2007 – The international press has picked up the story on cheating allegations that have been leveled at Veselin Topalov and Silvio Danailov during the Wijk aan Zee tournament. There have been claims that signaling was also used during the 2005 World Championship in San Luis, Argentinia. Nigel Short, who was in San Luis, observed something sinister in San Luis. Press reports.
Toilet War – the Battle of Elista
28.01.2007 – On Friday a new book was released in Bulgaria called "Toilet War – A chess drama in 13 acts." It is by Zhivko Ginchec, the press officer of the Bulgarian team in Elista, and describes the "biotechnological attacks" Veselin Topalov was subjected to by the Kramnik side. In the meantime Silvio Danailov has reacted to the allegations of cheating raised by a German newspaper. Report from the combat zone.
Minutes of the Chess Cheating conference in New York
11.01.2007 – Early in December there was a “Chess Cheating Town Meeting” at the historic Marshall Chess Club in New York, bringing together some of America’s leading chess authorities in a panel discussion about ways to head off computer assisted cheating in organized chess competitions. Results and minutes.
ACP World Cup: Kirsan speaks his mind
05.01.2007 – The opening of the First ACP World Rapid Chess Cup in Odessa, Ukarine, was a festive affair, highlighted by a frank press conference in which FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov answered questions of journalists. These were mainly about computer cables, cheating and a Kramnik-Topalov rematch. Read all about it in Misha Savinov's report.
Chess in the news
04.01.2007 – Is chess a sport, should it be included in the 2012 London Olympics? Is there a basis for thinking that cheating with computers is going on at the very highest level? What is the potential of the strongest Indian players according to Commonwealth champion Nigel Short? And why hasn't Tania Sachdev's face launched a thousand products yet? We've been reading the papers.
India: player gets ten year ban for cheating
28.12.2006 – Umakant Sharma is an Indian chess player who had performed at a steady 1900 level for many years. Then suddenly his rating climbed to 2484, after a series of spectacular tournament successes. A spot search revealed: he was using a bluetooth device stitched into his cap to receive external computer assistance. Now all players are being scanned for hidden devices.
Chess Cheating conference in New York
02.12.2006 – On Monday a “Chess Cheating Town Meeting” at the historic Marshall Chess Club in New York will bring together some of America’s leading chess authorities in a panel discussion about ways to head off computer-assisted cheating in organized chess competitions. The subject has turned hot in recent years and the conference is well worth visiting.
Chess, cycling, hearing and other aids
26.08.2006 – Seldom has a report generated such intense feedback as our series on cheating. It turns out that the communications device worn by a player at the World Open, the Phonito, was indeed a hearing aid, but one that is ideal for wireless communication as well. It is made by a company that sponsors cycling. Interesting information.
Cheating at the World Open – more details
17.08.2006 – Last week we reported that two players were accused of using computer assistance during their games at the World Open in Philadelphia in July. The story was in the New York Times, but contained some inaccuracies. The tournament director who found the secret communication device sets the record straight. And one of the victims sent us analysis of his game. You'll probably guess who played it.
Cheating Accusations at the World Open
10.08.2006 – Two players are under suspicion of having received help from computers at the World Open in Philadelphia. One locked himself in a bathroom stall, the other, who was leading the event before the last round and stood to win $18,000, was caught wearing a "hearing aid" which turned out to be a wireless receiver used for surreptitious communications. The New York Times reports.
Scandal in Lampertsheim – cheating in the loo
07.01.2003 – At the Open Tournament in Lampertsheim a player was caught cheating. He was consulting the program Pocket Fritz during the game in the toilet. While we in ChessBase condemn every form of electronic performance enhancement we would like to express our thanks to the player for choosing Pocket Fritz for his devious behaviour. We recommend that the next time he use the new Pocket Fritz 2 and carefully follow the instructions.
Louis the Fat clobbered in Hastings
29.12.2002 – The Normans introduced chess to Hastings – William the Conqueror once broke a chess board over the head of his nephew, Louis the Fat, having accused him of cheating. Fortunately this is no longer allowed at Hastings, where the 78th International Chess Congress is currently taking place (from Dec. 28 to Jan 5).
Top seed Mamedyarov withdraws from Aeroflot Open
23.02.2009 – Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is the top seed in the 2009 edition of the Aeroflot Open in Moscow (February 17–26). After five rounds he was leading, together with Alexander Moiseenko and Igor Kurnosov. In round six he was crushed by Kurnosov in 21 moves. Mamedyarov filed an official complaint, essentially accusing his opponent of cheating, and withdrew from the event. Breaking news.

Series on Cheating in Chess

A history of cheating in chess (1)
29.09.2011 – Hardly a month goes by without some report of cheating in international chess tournaments. The problem has become acute, but it is not new. In 2001 Frederic Friedel contributed a paper to the book "Advances in Computer Chess 9". It traces the many forms of illicit manipulations in chess and, a decade later, appears disconcertingly topical and up-to-date. We reproduce the paper in five parts.
A history of cheating in chess (2)
04.10.2011 – Coaching players during the game is probably the most widespread form of cheating (rivaled only perhaps by bribery and the throwing of games). Although this practice began long before the advent of chess playing machines, computers have added a new and dramatic dimension to this method of cheating in chess. You will never guess: who were the pioneers of cheating with computers?
A history of cheating in chess (3)
18.12.2011 – In January 1999 the main topic of conversation amongst top players like Kasparov, Anand and others: who was the mysterious German chess amateur, rated below 2000, who had won a strong Open ahead of GMs and IMs, with wonderfully courageous attacking chess and a 2630 performance? How had he done it? Turns out it was with unconventional methods, as subsequent investigation uncovered.
A history of cheating in chess (4)
28.02.2012 – Las Palmas 1996: Garry Kasparov is agonizing over his 20th move against Vishy Anand. He calculates and calculates but cannot make a very tempting pawn push work. Immediately after the game he discovers, from his helpers, that it would have won the ultimately drawn position. The point that became clear to him: a single bit of information, given at the top level in chess, can decide a game.
Early chess cheating story by Martin Gardner
18.10.2011 – American writer Martin Gardner anticipated current cheating woes in chess with his short story Nora Says 'Check'. In it a world champion called Sierpinsky alleviates his chess boredom by guiding a not very bright waitress named Nora to chess fame with the help of a confederate and some electrical trickery. You should not miss this visionary jewel of a tale, written in 1948!

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