Learn the best opening traps

by Frederic Friedel
11/19/2020 – When you start playing chess, when you are still a beginner, it is useful to know a few openings tricks – move sequences that lead your opponent astray and give you a quick win. It is equally important to know such traps so that your opponent cannot use them on you. We start you on a course that is useful and at the same time quite entertaining. Take a little time to learn dozens of traps you can use in your club tournaments.

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In a recent interview with the German magazine SCHACH I answered one question thus:

14. Which is the most interesting chess game you have ever played?

I have never reached a playing strength of 2000 Elo. For one year I played in a local club in Hamburg and won two nice games, which I can't reconstruct anymore. In my early youth I used a single opening trap paired with skilful facial expressions ("Did I just make a dreadful mistake?") to win a dozen games.

In the feedback section below the interview one reader wrote: "Was it with ...Nd4?" I have no idea who this reader was, and especially how he could have guessed correctly. My current theory is that it must have been a member of the same chess club, and he had seen me doing it live, decades ago!

So here is the trap I used, when I started playing competitive chess in my early teens:

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4. A common opening, popular at the time. My opponent wants to play "Italian." 3...Nd4?! If you are curious, this opening trap even has a name: the Blackburne Shilling Gambit.


In the above live diagram I have set a chess engine to reply to moves you enter with white. If you follow the moves I give below, and walk into the trap lines, it will execute everything flawlessly.

So here is how it works: you can't resist and play 4.Nxe5. It's a free pawn. The engine will answer 4...Qg5, attacking your knight. But wait a minute, isn't there a family check: 5.Nxf7, forking the queen and rook! The engine will reply 5...Qxg2, threatening to take the h1 rook, which naturally must move. But after 6.Rf1 there follows 6...Qxe4+. Now White can simply give up the queen (7.Qe2 Nxe2). So it is better to play 7.Be2, isn't it? No, because that gives Black a truly dramatic finish: 7...Nf3#. This is a "suffocated mate," something you rarely get to execute in a lifetime. And I managed to do it a dozen times!

Here's the cutest little girl telling us how to play the the Blackburne Shilling Gambit.

My colleague Sagar Shah has very nicely described the gambit in the above video. And here's the annotated opening trap on a replay board. Note you can click on the fan button to start an engine and analyse different lines.


Actually you need some acting skills to pull this one off. As described in the annotated game above, on move three you grasp the knight carelessly and move it to b4. You do not let go, look alarmed, and then suddenly change your mind: you place the knight to d4, looking quite unhappy about it.

It is also important to play 4...Qg5 impulsively, and to stare at the knight on e5 while doing so. Your expression should say: "Now you have to retreat the knight, or I am going to take it." As soon as you let go of the queen glance at f7 and try to conceal your horror. Make your opponent feel good when he sees what you have seen: the fork. For me, in fledgling years, the gambit worked more often than not. On a few occasions I got applause.

I also tried this gambit on some strong players. Once, when travelling in a car, I challenged IM David Levy to a blindfold game. He was not really thinking and walked into the trap. But he quickly saw what I was planning and played 5.Bxf7 Kd8 6.0-0, after which I had a better position. But in the end I lost, because he was a so much better player than me. Another time, again in a car, I challenged a 16-year-old boy to a fun blindfold game. Here my acting entailed saying "Knight to ... er, wait a sec, no, okay, to d4." My opponent simply grinned and played 4.Nxd4, without any hesitation. The young IM Nigel Short knew traps! I resigned in a hopelessly lost position ten moves later.

Sagar's Opening Traps channel

The subject of my early youth escapades came up because my friend and colleague, Sagar Shah, CEO of ChessBase India and YouTube chess king, had started a new channel on opening traps:

In his series Basic Opening Traps the indefatigable Sagar has, in 40 days, recorded 38 lessons. His videos are just a couple of minutes long and have had between 50,000 and 130,000 views. So you'd better take a look – otherwise you may fall into one of the traps on your next club tournament.

Here, to start you off, are a few nice little samples. If you have found a taste for the smothered mate you will do well to start with this one:

One more smothering trap?

Here's a nice little one in the Albin Countergambit: 

And here's a basic trap in the Queen's Gambit

So now you have learned five opening traps from Sagar – there are 33 left to go. My advice to you: watch the videos multiple times, so you actually remember the ideas. You can have a very pleasant few hours seriously improving your results on club evenings. 

And if you are hooked here are some interesting DVD/Fritztrainers by GM Nigel Davies.

Editor-in-Chief emeritus of the ChessBase News page. Studied Philosophy and Linguistics at the University of Hamburg and Oxford, graduating with a thesis on speech act theory and moral language. He started a university career but switched to science journalism, producing documentaries for German TV. In 1986 he co-founded ChessBase.


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brian8871 brian8871 11/22/2020 01:30
There's another trap in the Queen's Gambit, this time on Black's side. After 1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Nbd7! the trap is set. Apparently, you have miscalculated that your queen pawn is attacked twice and defended only once. 5. cxd5 exd5 6. Nxd5 Nxd5! At this point, either your opponent thinks you've blundered horribly, or he realizes his mistake too late. 7. Bxd8 Bb4+! and now his only legal move is to give his queen right back. 8. Qd2 Bxd2+ 9 Kxd2 Kxd8. The dust has settled, and you're ahead by a piece. Of course, someone who's well versed in the opening they've chosen will sidestep the trap and play something like 5. e3, which you'll have to respond with 5... Be7.
Frits Fritschy Frits Fritschy 11/20/2020 12:29
[Again, now hopefully without mistakes]
The children of my former chessclub made many points in tournaments and team matches with the trick 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bc4 Nf6 4 Ng5 d5 5 exd5 Pd4, where most of their opponents immediately played 6 d6 Qxd6 7 Nxf7 Qc6 8 Nxh8 Qxg2 9 Rf1 Qe4+ 10 Be2 Nf3#, a slightly better hidden variation of the Blackburne Shilling Gambit. Once a trainer from another club reproached me about this: 'playing on tricks wasn't chess'... By the way, 5... Nd4 is called the Fritz variation - it wasn't named after me!

The most dangerous trick is when you seem to fall for a trick yourself. The next one has brought me many victories, even (in blitz) against an IM.
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nd2 Nf6 4 e5 Nfd7 5 Bd3 c5 6 c3 Nc6 7 Ne2 Qb6 8 Nf3 cxd4 9 cxd4 f6 10 exf6 Nxf6 11 0-0 Ld6 12 Nc3. All (old) theory. The usual move is 0-0, but I play 12... Bd7. Next after 13 a3?! I 'blunder' with 13... Nxd4! 14 Nxd4 Qxd4, after which the bishop usually lands on g6 with a loud bang: 15 Bg6+?? hxg6 16 Qxd4, but... 16... Bxh2+ 17 Kh1 Be5+ wins for black!
About the acting: for your opponent it seems Bd7 was to forstall Bb5+, forgetting about the other bishop check. Now slap your forehead after Qxd4, so your opponent won't bale out with the (decent) pawn sacrifice Nb5. But I never needed any acting.
phippo phippo 11/20/2020 11:17
Sorry Frits, in the second example ( French opening) there is an error: 6 c3, 11 N c3? Can you explain better, please. Thanks
Frederic Frederic 11/20/2020 10:27
Thanks Frits, nice line after 3...Nf6 4.Ng5. I could have used that as well (where were you six decades ago?) I have added your line in the PGN player above. I could not reconstruct the second trap, which looks like it is in the same spirit (acting required).