Bobby Fischer 1970: The forgotten simul

by André Schulz
9/19/2019 – In 1970 Bobby Fischer played his last Olympiad — in Siegen, Germany. After the Olympiad he gave two simuls in Germany, one in Solingen, one in Münster. Now the score sheets of the games, unknown pictures of Fischer and newspaper articles about the simul in Münster were rediscoved. A remarkable find! | Photos: Norbert Rauch

Master Class Vol.1: Bobby Fischer Master Class Vol.1: Bobby Fischer

No other World Champion was more infamous both inside and outside the chess world than Bobby Fischer. On this DVD, a team of experts shows you the winning techniques and strategies employed by the 11th World Champion.

Grandmaster Dorian Rogozenco delves into Fischer’s openings, and retraces the development of his repertoire. What variations did Fischer play, and what sources did he use to arm himself against the best Soviet players? Mihail Marin explains Fischer’s particular style and his special strategic talent in annotated games against Spassky, Taimanov and other greats. Karsten Müller is not just a leading international endgame expert, but also a true Fischer connoisseur.

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Vlastimil Hort und Norbert Rauch contributed to this article

The following story continues Vlastimil Hort's memories of the Chess Olympiad in Siegen 1970, in which he played against Fischer. Hort's game against Fischer was adjourned and after a draw was agreed Hort invited Fischer to give a simul. A friend of Hort, Norbert Rauch, President of the Chess Club Caissa Münster, had asked Hort for this favour.

At that time Fischer already had a reputation as "enfant terrible". The Chess Olympiad in Siegen took place from September 5th to September 27th, and Fischer played on board one for the US team. It was the first and only time that Fischer and Samuel Reshevsky, the two top players in the US — who did not particularly like each other — played both for the US at a Chess Olympiad.

Fischer autographFischer's signature, left behind in Münster on a white sheet of paper and a number of score sheets.

Siegen 1970 was Fischer's last chess Olympiad. The US Chess Federation later tried to persuade him to play for the US in Olympiads but always failed because of Fischer's financial demands. In Siegen 1970, Fischer lost a famous game against Spassky and finished with a final score of 10.0/13 (77%), the second-best result on board — behind Spassky who finished with 9½/12 (79%).

Today, the team with the most team points wins gold at the Olympiad but in Siegen board points counted and the Soviet Union won with 27½, one point ahead of Hungary and 1½ points ahead of Yugoslavia. The USA finished on a disappointing fourth place. With Fischer on board one they came to Siegen to win gold but losses against East Germany in the preliminaries and against the Soviet Union in the finals put an end to these hopes.

The simul in Münster

Robert Fischer accepted Hort's invitation to play a simul in Münster, a German city in North Rhine-Westphalia that today has about 320,000 inhabitants and according to Wikipedia "is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region". Allegedly, Fischer did not like  simuls because he was said to believe they would damage his play. However, in the course of his career he played a number of simuls and for Caissa Münster he also made an "exception".

Fischer did not only agree to play, he even agreed to a lower fee. He usually asked a fee of USD $400 for a simul. Today, this seems to be a ridiculously low sum but in 1970, $400 was worth much more than today and grandmasters could not ask for much. Moreover, the Soviet grandmasters who were very keen on foreign currency pressured prices. In fact, compared to the demands of his colleagues Fischer's standard fee of 400 dollars on which he usually insisted "out of principle" was rather high. But for the simul at Caissa Münster, Fischer was content with a fee of $250 dollars.

The receipt signed by Fischer

Chess historians knew that Fischer played such a simul in Münster but did not know the details. In John Donaldson's book "Bobby Fischer in Action: Simultaneous Exhibitions and Blitz Games" the author speculates about the time of the simul and comes close to the truth when he estimates that it took place between September 26th and September 28th. In fact, the event took place on September 27th, 1970, a Sunday. During his research, Donaldson found only the notation of Fischer's game against Ferdinand Middendorf which was published a year later, on March 19, 1971, in the Stuttgarter Zeitung. But Donaldson also found an article by Günter Langhanke which appeared in the online edition of the newspaper Westfälische Nachrichten (unfortunately no longer available).

Langhanke had picked up Fischer at his hotel in Solingen at 3 pm and then the two took the train to Münster. He remembers that the staff in the hotel was hesitant to disturb Fischer at that time. Apparently, the future World Champion had managed to gain a certain reputation in the hotel. 

Fischer

Bobby Fischer arrives to play a simul at Caissa Münster

Fischer

Fischer entered the arena

Fischer allowed a maximum number of 20 opponents. However, he did not set a limit to the strength of his opponents and expected rather strong players. And he was right. It cost 25 Deutschmarks to play against Fischer and thus the fees the players had to pay approximately covered the costs of the simul.

The simul took place in the ballroom of a restaurant at Münster main station and attracted quite a few journalists and a lot a spectators — about a hundred people tried to get a glimpse of the games and the American. Fischer was playing alternately with White and with Black and at 6 pm he started to get down to work.

The players are ready

The players are ready | All photos: Norbert Rauch

Fischer playing simul

Intense as ever

Fischer simul

The simul in progress

Fischer making rounds

Bobby Fischer at work

Fischer in colour

Smoking was still allowed! Fischer's opponent is Ullrich Nehmert.

Fischer tough game

Ferdinand Middendorf (right) has to defend against a knight sacrifice on e6

Fischer finished the 20 games in three hours, which was rather long for him because Fischer was considered to be one of the fastest simul players around.

However, Fischer's result was not particularly good; he lost against Budt (Bünde), Langhanke (Caissa Münster), Lentze (Münster 32), Dr. Poeschel (Münster 32), and drew against Nehmert. The other 15 games were won by Fischer.

He signed a couple of score sheets, though not always accurately.

From Münster Fischer travelled to Solingen where he gave another simul on September 29th, 1970, again against 20 opponents. The organiser of the event was Egon Evertz, entrepreneur, musician, race-driver and sponsor of the chess club SG Solingen. In Solingen, Fischer again faced stubborn resistance and lost no less than five games: against Dr. Manfred Christoph, Ulrich Dresen, Karl-Heinz-Bachmann, Albert Nowak, and Lothar Drehen. Dr. Christian Clemens, H. Bergfeld, and Helmut Merckel came to a draw. In Solingen Fischer was accompanied by Grandmaster Miguel Quinteros and received a fee of USD $400.

In Solingen, one player later complained about Fischer's impolite behaviour but the people in Münster had good memories of him. Fischer had nothing to complain about at Caissa Münster and his behaviour was polite and exemplary. The American was grateful for the invitation and promised: "I come back. It was first class."

Fischer at simul

Fischer signs a score sheet and working hard

Norbert Rauch, initiator and organiser of the simul in Münster, took pictures during the event and collected the score sheets. After the simul he put the documents, including a number of autographs by Fischer and a couple of newspaper articles, into a file which he kept until today, for almost 50 years.

Recently, Vlastimil Hort and Norbert Rauch met again at a tournament for seniors and indulged in memories: "Oh yes, do you remember the simul with Bobby Fischer?" And Norbert Rauch remembered that he still had that file with the documents of the simul. Which thanks to Hort and Rauch are now available for all chess fans!


Replay the games of the simul

 

Translation from German: Johannes Fischer



Topics: Bobby Fischer

André Schulz started working for ChessBase in 1991 and is an editor of ChessBase News.
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Accabee Accabee 9/29/2019 04:59
Fischer did a four-month simul tour in the United States in 1964. IM John Donaldson’s book about the tour, A Legend on the Road, contains many memorable stories about that are similar to the accounts here about the simuls in Germany. The second edition of Donaldson’s book indicates Fischer played 2022 known games during his 1964 simuls, winning 1850, drawing 105, and losing 67 games.
chessroboto chessroboto 9/28/2019 08:32
At the height of his career, Kasparov charged $3,000 per game in a simul.
Tom from Germany Tom from Germany 9/27/2019 05:10
What an elegant and good-looking player Bobby Fischer was at the time!
inegrepus inegrepus 9/27/2019 05:02
Morten MH is right. The conversion rate dollar/DM in 1970 was about 3.5 as some googling will tell you. This means that 550 DM was about 150 dollars which makes Fischer's total fee 400 dollars.
MortenMH MortenMH 9/20/2019 10:07
Fischer didn't settle for just 250 $. The note actually says that he received 250 $ + 550 DM which I guess roughly corresponds to 400 $.
jfrendek jfrendek 9/20/2019 02:49
Very nice. History only happens once 😎
Magic_Knight Magic_Knight 9/20/2019 07:22
How acurate are these games? All the games that Fischer lost here do not seem like a GM-level game. They're like played at 1800-level almost. Basically if they were Fischer's games (even simul games) they were played at a patzer level....seems suspect to me whether they are indeed Fischer's.
pierrefarwagi pierrefarwagi 9/20/2019 05:42
Excellent article Mr Schulz! Please could you provide all the games of the simul in Pdf for downloading? Thanks
MJFitch MJFitch 9/20/2019 12:41
Of course Fischer would lose against the "french" :-)
Jarman Jarman 9/19/2019 09:54
Addendum: the Olympiad he skipped because of the separate building condition was the 21st (Nice 1974). Source: https://www.olimpbase.org/1974/1974in.html
Jarman Jarman 9/19/2019 09:45
Great article. I'm a bit astounded that people keep files like this one in a drawer for decades and then suddenly resurface as they might be of some interest to a handful of casual readers!
Fischer originally planned to take part in the 1972 chess Olympiad as before the WC match he told a friend that they might meet in Skopje - where the event took place. I guess he understandably changed his mind as the Olympiad was going to start less than a month after he got the title.
I also recall that the main condition he set forth to join the US team was being allowed to play in a separate building, which the organizers deemed unacceptable.
Lucek7 Lucek7 9/19/2019 09:22
It's funny that a German newspaper misspelled "Fisher" instead of the correct (and of German origin) "Fischer".
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