The perfect score: Keres wins Tallinn 1942 with 15.0/15

by Johannes Fischer
1/11/2022 – Paul Keres (January 7, 1916 – June 5, 1975) was the clear favourite in the 1942 Estonian Championship in Tallinn. At the time he was considered a possible challenger to World Champion Alexander Alekhine and was the only world-class player in the field. Nevertheless, it is astonishing how clearly Keres dominated the tournament: he won all 15 games without conceding a single draw. | Photo: Valter Heuer (Archive)

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Keres himself, however, did not seem to attach too much importance to this perfect score. In his book with a selection of his best games he writes with typical sober restraint: "My chess activity [in 1942] began with my participation in the Estonian Championship in Tallinn ... where I managed to win all 15 games." But he onsidered none of his 15 wins good enough to include it into his book.

He was also generally critical of his play in 1942: "It was obvious that the difficult war years had had a very unfavourable effect on my play. The games I played lacked freshness and inventiveness, and there were several gross inaccuracies in the technical part of the game."

Paul Keres 1943 | Photo: ESM F 203:463/B 1834, Estonian Sports Museum, Quelle: Joosep Grents, Paul Keres IV: The War Years

Perhaps Keres had top tournaments with strong opponents in mind when he made this rather self-critical evaluation of his play, but in the 1942 Estonian Championship Keres played confidently and won his games almost at will. He crushed his opponents with calm or violent attacking play, he outplayed them positionally or defeated them in the endgame. Keres' play in Tallinn in 1942 is straightforward and strong and provides a whole series of good examples of how a top player defeats weaker opponents without risk.

Here is an example of a textbook attack:


And here's an example how Keres wins an equal ending:


This game could easily have ended in a draw, but in only one of his 15 games Keres was in serious trouble. After playing the opening carelessly he was a clear pawn down against Feliks Kibbermann. Keres had no adequate compensation for the pawn, but then Kibbermann collapsed and blundered the game away.


The game against Kibbermann was played in Round 9, and after that everything went smoothly again and Keres won the tournament with 15 points from 15 games. Of course, the sporting value of this 100% score is not as high as winning a top tournament as Keres' opponents in Tallinn were not particularly strong, but scoring 15 points from 15 games is and remains a remarkable result.

The games of Keres in Tallinn 1942



Johannes Fischer was born in 1963 in Hamburg and studied English and German literature in Frankfurt. He now lives as a writer and translator in Nürnberg. He is a FIDE-Master and regularly writes for KARL, a German chess magazine focusing on the links between culture and chess. On his own blog he regularly publishes notes on "Film, Literature and Chess".
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genem genem 1/14/2022 09:52
Russia invaded and annexed Estonia in 1940. I would have guessed that a 26 year old Paul Keres would have been drafted into the Soviet army before mid-1942. Difficult to imagine who in Estonia had time in 1942 to organize a large chess tournament with WWII raging, Russia controlling Estonia, and Hilter's armies so deep into Soviet territories. Chess is a power all its own.
PhishMaster PhishMaster 1/12/2022 05:54
@Derek880, While a nice result, it is not pointed out because they are not even close to comparable. Keres was world class and played no players of any great note. In addition to Fischer, six other US grandmasters, including former American champions Samuel Reshevsky, Arthur Bisguier, and Larry Evans, three US international masters, and two untitled players competed.
Alexandru27 Alexandru27 1/12/2022 10:46
Thank you, Johannes Fischer and Chessbase, for this article.
Gerald C Gerald C 1/12/2022 09:39
A great champion !
Denix Denix 1/12/2022 07:08
Fischer's opponents were of world class caliber, former and future US champions, Candidates Tournament veterans, former child prodigy, book authors, etc. The margin of score above the second placer with a difference of 3.5 points out of 11 is in itself a proof that the participants are very strong contenders to the crown.
Derek880 Derek880 1/12/2022 06:48
It's amazing that so much is pointed out about Bobby Fischer's 11/11 score in the 1963/64 U.S. Championship, but hardly anyone points out Keres's incredible score of 15/15 in the Estonian championship. His younger years were full of dynamic and energetic games. Keres was the Kasparov of his generation.