The Champions in the Blockchain

by Matthias Wüllenweber
12/12/2021 – Today the first authorized NFT series of world chess champions has been minted! World chess champions, NFT and blockchain? What is that supposed to mean? You may have heard that NFTs can establish ownership of digital art: In March 2021, an NFT by digital artist Beeple fetched the auction value of $69 million at Christie's. However the NFTs of the world chess champions are not about crazy auctions, but about honoring outstanding chess achievement. In a series that currently consists of 14 entries, the classic world champions are now immortalized with selected games. The unique thing about this series is that many players participate through their authorization. This makes it the first of its kind in history.

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NFTs and the Blockchain

NFTs are more than just a technically exciting twist of contemporary art. Their significance is much more fundamental. NFTs are about to become the essential form of ownership in the digital world. There are those who say that the explosive development of NFTs may become more important than the Internet.

The acronym NFT stands for "Non Fungible Token." NFTs can forever record ownership of things as diverse as artwork, real estate, music, or even used cars. They are stored in a blockchain.

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Why are NFTs written into a "blockchain"? The blockchain is one of the greatest technical innovations of our time because it establishes indestructible and unforgeable accounting. Deeds can be stolen, lost or burned. Databases on servers can be attacked and manipulated by hackers. A blockchain, on the other hand, is distributed worldwide on thousands of computers that monitor each other, making it the most secure storage of information ever. One can confidently say: What is once written in a recognized blockchain like "Ethereum" will be valid for eternity.

Today, a main purpose of NFTs is indeed still the ownership of digital art. NFTs have sparked a huge surge of creativity this year and started a commercial hype of which two things can be said with certainty: the billions of sales currently in play are exaggerated. But the art world is forever changed by it. Some artists become enormously popular because their works can be reproduced 1:1, i.e. copied as files, without any loss of quality. Still, you can clearly own such a work and resell it with a few clicks.

Do you think it's crazy for someone to bid for exclusive ownership rights of a freely copyable image? I'm sure you do, but imagine the following analogy: You are a soccer fan, and FIFA transfers ownership of the 2014 World Cup final between Germany and Argentina to you via NFT. Everyone knows the game, but you are the only person in the world who can say "Mine!".

The World Champions as artists

And this is where the classic world champions come into play. They are the outstanding protagonists of our chess culture, each of whom has shaped an era. Their games are not only great sports performances, but often exhibit a beauty that we all perceive as art. That's why ChessBase has launched a series of NFTs for these players. Two things were important: first, as many players as possible should personally authorize "their" NFT, thus giving it substance and exclusivity. Second, the series should be artistically valuable and beautiful. In addition to the creative achievement of the players, there should be a visual aesthetic that does justice to their chess significance.

This "Chess World Champions" NFT series is now up for auction on the platform. It is the first series about the world chess champions, which was mainly authorized by the players themselves. It will remain so for all times, no matter who produces what in the future on this subject. After all, it was entered into the blockchain with a clear time stamp. Think about it as a kind of "Blue Mauritius" of chess NFTs. 

But that is not the focus here. There are certainly people who see the NFT market primarily as a store of value or as speculative investment. However, the technical hurdles to participating in an auction are not trivial: one has to be able to handle cryptocurrencies in a wallet. For those who believe that the opportunities of such a pioneer market are worth the effort, we will write a detailed guide later. The auction will run until January 11, so there is plenty of time to get to know it at leisure.

For now, this is simply about the World Championship Series as a tribute to the creative efforts of the players and the artist Carl Eriksson. It belongs to all of us. Anyone can visit the auction, view the animations and download them with a right click. That's the exciting thing about NFTs: they are often traded for high prices, but you can appreciate the actual works for yourself as JPG or, for example, GIF practically in original form.

Carl Eriksson's implementation

Authored by Miyoko Watai, Bobby Fischer's widow.

The implementation of the Swedish artist Carl Eriksson relies on four elements. The format is of course squarish, suggesting the geometry of a chessboard or square. The notation of the game constitutes a fragmented plane that carries the entire design. It hovers vividly above a powerfully vibrating red texture. On the notation, the portrait of the player alternates with a ray-traced view of the critical position of the game. Thus, either the view of the player or the position can be printed out and hung on the wall. Both pictures stand for themselves. Or you can experience the NFT in GIF format as a concise animation.

The Games

For connoisseurs, it is appealing to identify the selected games on the basis of the notation. Or even to name the illustrated position fragment. With Fischer you can certainly do that, Black has just moved 17... Be6! and the white bishop on c5 will now capture the black queen.

On the site the whole series is presented. In addition to the short portraits of the world champions, you'll find all selected games to replay.

Who participates?

At launch, the series includes 14 titles. The NFTs of Spassky, Fischer, Karpov, Anand and Kramnik are personally authorized, and a substantial portion of the proceeds go to the players or their families. We hope to complete the series with Kasparov and Carlsen at a later date.

For valuable NFTs, all rights and authorizations must be anchored on solid legal ground. The auction's "Unlockable Content" includes appropriate certificates. Part of the joy of bringing such a project into the world was the exciting research of the photographers to agree on and honor the image rights for this project. Also the character font used is Carl Eriksson's own development.



The project at

Auction at Opensea

About crypto currencies and the blockchain


Disclaimer: Even if the author himself would really like to own Capablanca, this text does not represent investment or tax advice.


Matthias Wüllenweber, CEO of ChessBase
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shivasundar shivasundar 12/21/2021 10:27
I want to bring to your attention the fact that a glaring lapse and oversight has been committed by the NFT team that is working on the World Champion collection. Anand's 2000-2002 reign is not mentioned!

By acclamation by all experts, Anand is a "5 time World Champion" when we take into account classical time controls. The fact that the title was "split" is not his fault - he certainly did not cause it!! It would do even more justice, in fact, if you properly attributed to Anand the following additional titles:
1. World Rapid Champion - 2003, 2017
2. World Junior Champion 1988

If you added the fact that he won all 3 editions of the Leon Advanced Chess (unofficial) World Championships introduced by Kasparov to the above, some experts call him a "9 time World Champion".

(IN FACT, I do not know any other top player who has been either a Candidate or Champion almost continuously since the 1993-2016 cycles - almost 25 years!!)

Please sensitize a (probably young) team of the relevant facts. Very disappointing from Chessbase, did not expect this - not from you!

Oh, and 1 more thing: if the description in any way "diminishes" Anand's titles, then that would be unfair to him as well! It cannot be that "a certain other" player gets credit, while Anand doesn't.
ChessplayerDan ChessplayerDan 12/14/2021 12:25
I play Chess and create NFT's but I hadn't thought about combining the two. I do have a few pieces of art centered around Chess, I might turn those into NFTs.
Keith Homeyard Keith Homeyard 12/13/2021 02:10
Matthias: Love your sense of humour, especially the last line! Lol
Matthias Matthias 12/13/2021 11:09

wonderful reactions! It was of the highest essence to be the first with this project. Not for this first auction but for what it will mean in 10-20 years. The expected consequence is that the technical and social implications are naturally controversial.

Please let me address some things:

1. "Blockchain technology will become obsolete like Floppy Discs." Well, the blockchain is revolutionary because it addresses exactly this problem. I really recommend delving deeper into this, it is a fascinating development. BTW, most blockchains are slower than early Floppy Discs. But they are really resilient...

2. "Blockchains consume too much energy". A valid point. Please follow the link "About cryptocurrencies and the blockchain" at the end of the article to read some pros and cons about this.

3. "NFTs have no value". Don't focus on the money side too much. I know that the article does this to capture your attention. But if you view a painting in a museum you are not thinking about prices, collectors and auctions. Think about the question: "What would be a good solution to transfer Larsen-Spassky into visual art?". Compare this to Carl's approach. Is Spasskys play a work of art?

4. "Vermeer is better than Byrne-Fischer". Interesting metric. Vermeer was the master of Ray Tracing and Ray Tracing plays an essential role in the series. Personally I prefer the light technique of Claude Lorraine. But I find it really difficult if people say "Artist A" is better than "Artist B", even if they are working in the same discipline like oil on canvas and in the same epoque.

Finally, please allow me to screenshot this discussion and to mint a commemorative NFT from it :-)

Best, Matthias
TheDock TheDock 12/13/2021 11:04
MobiusGeek. I totally agree with you. So many opinions and so little knowledge and all knows what happens in the future. Impressive.
Armand2MA Armand2MA 12/13/2021 09:09
Blockchain technology is interesting.
NFT could have been interesting but in fact it only interests speculators. On the other hand it is a good thing that the chess world tries to be innovative.
Finally, Ethereum (and others) is an environmental disaster.
KingMatti KingMatti 12/13/2021 08:45
Yeah, if it looks like a scam, feels like a scam, and has attributes of a scam, it probably is a scam.
Most importantly, this just does not make any sense. It is like virtual life, cool maybe, but unreal.
MobiusGeek MobiusGeek 12/13/2021 07:47
Many people her not knowing anything about blockchain technology. If you see no value then not buy any NFT but please educate before talking about something breakthrough like blockchain applications.
CMDRExorcist CMDRExorcist 12/13/2021 04:37
No, thanks. NFTs are the biggest digital scam of the far.
Masquer Masquer 12/13/2021 03:14
This is such nonsense...
Michael Jones Michael Jones 12/13/2021 03:13
Agree with both WillScarlett and Keith Homeyard below. As far as I can see, a NFT appears to be something like a trademark or patent, but without the accompanying benefits: you get to say you "own" something, but that ownership is fairly meaningless when you cannot stop anyone else copying or using it, and you have no right to any royalties when they do. It's not as if there's the distinction equivalent to that between an original Vermeer and a copy of one: as the article points out, anyone can download a JPG of the image and there will be absolutely no difference between the downloaded one and that "owned" by the holder of the NFT.

As for the ridiculous claim that blockchain will be valid for eternity: technology moves on. Over the last few decades we've gone from punch cards to magnetic tape, to 5.25 inch floppy disks, to 3.5 inch (not) floppy disks, to CDs, to DVDs, to USB sticks, to cloud storage. Most likely in another few years some new technology will come along and blockchain will in turn become obsolete. There's a reason that important documents are still kept as hard copies (e.g. UK laws printed on vellum): that technology doesn't change. If you still have a floppy disk made 30-40 years ago you'd struggle to find a computer which can read it, but all it takes to read a centuries-old book or manuscript is a pair of eyes.
moontan moontan 12/13/2021 03:00
Some people have too much money and aren't satisfied with just buying $10,000 pairs of shoes or $35,000 purses or multi-million dollar trips to outer space.
{Now, if I were only one of those people...} 😁
ranger64 ranger64 12/12/2021 10:37
I don't understand any of this.
Keith Homeyard Keith Homeyard 12/12/2021 10:27
blockchain "Etherium" will be valid for eternity? Idiotic claim - history has always shown that anything devised can be overcome with sufficient effort - consider the Enigma code!
WillScarlett WillScarlett 12/12/2021 06:11
Any one of Vermeer's three dozen or so paintings is worth more - in heart and spirit - than all the ridiculous "creations" promulgated by this trendy fad.

This tacky vogue is the digital equivalent of the emperor's new clothes. NFT, for me, stands for Needlessly Foisted Trash.

Those who view this pseudo art as valid "know the price of everything and the value of nothing."