2021 Hardware Buyer's Guide

by Albert Silver
9/12/2021 – Your computers and computer components are feeling a bit long in the tooth, and although still good (or not), you know you are behind the curve. Or perhaps you are buying a dedicated machine for chess and unsure what will be best for you. Either way, this long-awaited guide will help you plan your purchase with confidence for all budgets.

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The last year has been chaotic, and filled with uncertainty, and before you think this is a reference to the ubiquitous pandemic, it is actually only about the state of computers and availability. 

Two years ago, AMD had a golden moment as its processors not only handily outdid Intel in literally every aspect (performance, cost, and energy consumption), but to add insult to injury Intel was plagued by crippling supply issues so that even its slightly worse processors were largely unavailable. 

From 2020 to now, the situation has changed slightly. AMD still enjoys faster and less energy-hungry processors, but the price difference has narrowed enough that it is no longer crazy to buy one if an AMD is not available. And that is where the crux is: this time round AMD is the one suffering most from supply issues, so that when it is unable to fulfill the demand, impatient customers have willingly settled for an Intel. As a result, AMD is losing much of the market share gains it had fought so hard to obtain.

For this reason, there will be a Plan B processor in each of the configurations below, since while the Plan A recommendation will be a new AMD 5xxx processor, a Plan B Intel will be served up as an alternative.

On the video card front, things are much more complicated for potential buyers. People looking to buy a nice video card to run Leela or Fat Fritz 1.0 will clearly be better off with one of the nVidia RTX cards (meaning the last two generations), but availability is absolutely horrendous. For example, the MSRP for a new midrange RTX 3060 (any brand) is theoretically listed at $329, but you will be lucky if you can spot one under $900. Yes, really.



This has nothing to do with the pandemic impacting supply lines, and everything to do with insane speculative rates on cryptocurrency. The stories of mid- to high-end video cards all being bought up by cryptocurrency miners are absolutely true. However there are a few workarounds. 

The $500 computer

Needless to say, for this amount, no outside video card is suggested. On the upside, AMD's integrated graphics is quite literally the best of its kind, and is over twice as fast as Intel's best integrated graphics. In fact, you can even do some half decent gaming at 1280x720 according to benchmarks by Tom's Hardware (see below). In spite of it all, this configuration actually has very few real compromises. It has a very fast 6-core (12-thread) modern processor to get the best out of Fat Fritz 2 or Stockfish 14. It also comes with a 500GB SSD drive of a very high standard and speed. This means every program will open exceptionally fast, not to mention Windows, and you can even fit the full 6-piece Syzygy tablebases. A word of warning: it does not suggest a case as that is a very personal choice, but just about anything should do the trick. The grand total was just over $500!

Item Model Price
CPU AMD Ryzen 5 5600G $259
Motherboard MSI PRO B550M-A PRO $95
Memory Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB $70
Video card AMD Integrated --
SSD  Western Digital WD Blue SN550 NVMe M.2 2280 500GB $55
Power Supply EVGA 450 BR 100-BR-0450-K1 450W $30

Total: $509

Benchmark results of 5600G on the AAA title Far Cry 5 (source: Tom's Hardware Guide)

The $1000 computer

So in this particular bracket, and at this particular point in time, the idea of putting together a new computer with a proper video card is pretty much impossible. As such the build I am recommending includes integrated graphics, albeit the best of its kind. It will even allow some half decent gaming of new titles at 1280x720 resolution. This setup will also provide considerable savings in low power consumption. The items link to their product page on NewEgg. There are no affiliate gains here, and these are simply to help show the exact product wherever you buy them.

Item Model Price
CPU AMD Ryzen 7 5800G $360
Motherboard MSI MPG X570 Gaming Edge (wifi) $200
Memory Corsair Vengeance RGB Pro 16GB $93
Video card (integrated) --
SSD  Samsung 980 M.2 2280 1TB $127
Power supply Seasonic FOCUS GM-650, 650W 80+ Gold $110

Total: $890

If you upgrade any of the individual items, I'd suggest the memory first, and then the SSD second. If you already have a serviceable video card, then consider swapping the CPU to a Ryzen 7 5800X, though you'll need to buy a cooler too then.

Over $1000

This is where the suggestions get a bit curious since buyers may wish to purchase a full system with a proper, modern video card. As noted above, the market for such is nothing short of a nightmare, and the prices are just outrageous, between the greedy feeding frenzy of scalpers and crypto miners. That's where the workarounds come into play. While the individual video cards are nothing short of crazy, buying a pre-built system by one of the major suppliers can get around this. Companies such as Dell, ASUS, and others, buy the cards in volume, and then sell them for quite normal prices in their prebuilt machines. Here is an example: 

Asus ROG Strix GA15DK Gaming Desktop PC (NewEgg)

  • AMD Ryzen 7 5800X,
  • GeForce RTX 3070,
  • 16GB DDR4 RAM,
  • 1TB SSD,
  • Wi-Fi 5,
  • Windows 10 Home

Total: $1799

Alternately, you can even buy a top-of-the-line laptop with a powerful GPU and CPU, and get it all in a very compact package. Though be warned the components won't run as fast as their desktop counterparts. Still, to illustrate:

HP Omen 15 Gaming & Entertainment Laptop

  • AMD Ryzen 9 5900HX 8-Core,
  • 32GB RAM,
  • 512GB PCIe SSD,
  • 15.6" Full HD (1920x1080),
  • NVIDIA RTX 3070,
  • Wifi, Bluetooth, Webcam, 3xUSB 3.1, 1xHDMI, Win 10 Home

Total: $1779

As can be seen, the computer market is in disarray, so all purchasing advice needs to take into account the various shortages and challenges in procuring certain parts. Nevertheless, hopefully this article will help give you a sense of direction for your next purchase, or for that of someone you know.


Born in the US, he grew up in Paris, France, where he completed his Baccalaureat, and after college moved to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He had a peak rating of 2240 FIDE, and was a key designer of Chess Assistant 6. In 2010 he joined the ChessBase family as an editor and writer at ChessBase News. He is also a passionate photographer with work appearing in numerous publications, and the content creator of the YouTube channel, Chess & Tech.


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