Building a $500 chess machine

by Albert Silver
11/27/2017 – We recently published an article on the ultimate PC for chess, designed for the pro on the road, or the enthusiast seeking the best, setting a budget ceiling of $2000-$2500. The question many asked was what about those who cannot spend so much? The size of the budget isn’t everything, and here is a full PC with eight cores of chess processing power for just $500!

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Obviously, when setting a limit of $2500, it is not hard to go 1st class the whole way, provided no single component eats up the lion’s share of the amount allotted. However, not everyone is fortunate enough to be able to spend that much on a computer for chess, or wants to. This doesn’t mean they don’t also desire great chess performance. The question is therefore: how frugal can one be before sacrifices made maim the configuration too much to call it a ‘Power Chess Machine’?

The answer is one can build a complete, brand new octa-core PC for just $500. There is no question some hard choices are made for this to work, but in the end you will have a full-fledged machine running one of the latest generation octa-core processors from the AMD Ryzen line.

The AMD Ryzen 7 1700 has unparalleled chess performance within its price range | Photo: AMD

The configuration below is not set in stone, and comes with product links to NewEgg. There are no referral codes in these links, and they are merely for illustrative purposes and the option to get full product page specifications and images of each component. After the list, comments will be made on some of the choices, as well as some inexpensive options to upgrade.

The $500 Chess Machine

Component Model Price
CPU / Processor AMD Ryzen 7 1700 8-Core $270
Motherboard ASRock A320M-HDV AM4 $50
Memory CORSAIR Vengeance LPX 8GB DDR4 2400 $75
Hard disk Western Digital Green 500GB $25
Video card GIGABYTE GeForce GT 710 GV-N710D5-1GI 1GB GDDR5 $40
Micro ATX tower Rosewill - Dual-Fan Micro ATX Tower - Ranger-M $20
Power supply Rosewill 350W ATX RV350-2 $30

Total: $510

The first thing to realize is that the machine has been designed to not only be powerful, but also small, and with low power consumption.

The main draw here is obviously the octa-core AMD Ryzen 7 1700 processor, which can provide similar chess analysis to even the very best Intel processors. Running Komodo, it achieves similar KNPs (thousands of positions per second – or in this case millions) to the Intel i7-6900K, a processor that retails for over $1000 alone. This AMD model also has two further benefits: it comes with its own excellent cooler, and it runs on a very modest 65W TDP.

Here is a comparison in KNPs of Komodo on the recommended CPU, and other contenders | Photo: Hardware.fr


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The memory chosen is a single 8GB memory card, allowing an upgrade to 16GB at a later date. Bear in mind the motherboard only has room for two memory cards, so if you fill it with two 4GB cards, the only way to upgrade is to replace them.

A Micro ATX motherboard and build is more than sufficient and will allow for lower power consumption and less space taken. Not to mention cost-saving. | Photo: ASRock

The hard disk is a modest 500GB, however for all basic purposes it is far more than enough. An operating system, basic programs such as Microsoft Office, the chess software and databases, and even some extra professional programs such as those by Adobe, will not take up even half of the storage.  Feel free to upgrade this to 1TB for $15 more, or even larger. And of course you can always add an external HD later if you just want to store things like movies, music or more.


Houdini 6 Pro

Houdini 6 continues where its predecessor left off, and adds solid 60 Elo points to this formidable engine, once again making Houdini the strongest chess program currently available on the market.

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The video card is a modern low-profile card with no fans (thus no noise too), connections for multiple monitors, or a monitor and a TV, and 1GB of video memory. You can also consider spending $9 more for a 2GB version of this card. This extra video memory does have its uses, especially if you are the type of person to open many tabs in your browser (I am so very guilty of this myself).

A microATX tower need not be ugly, but will take up a lot less space than a larger case. Komodo, Houdini or Stickfish will run just as fast in it as in a larger setup | Photo: Rosewill

The microATX tower is an inexpensive choice that can house a normal sized power supply. Any decent model is fine, and can be found easily in the $20-$30 range. Aside from aesthetics, make sure it has decent ventilation, and USB ports that can be accessed easily. Avoid choosing one that comes with its own power supply. As a rule the power supply in such cases is the bottom of the barrel, and this can compromise the entire computer.

The power supply chosen is 350W model by Rosewill, which is actually more than the system should need, but will help ensure stability. The brand is not important here, since most of the big name makers don’t actually work with such low power supplies anymore.

And there you have it: a powerful lean mean chess machine with eight cores and massive chess performance for just $500 ($510 for the chronic nitpickers), that will not only provide great analysis, but will also give great results in pretty much anything.



Born in the US, he grew up in Paris, France, where he completed his Baccalaureat, and after college moved to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He had a peak rating of 2240 FIDE, and was a key designer of Chess Assistant 6. In 2010 he joined the ChessBase family as an editor and writer at ChessBase News. He is also a passionate photographer with work appearing in numerous publications.
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SchackAhlen SchackAhlen 11/30/2017 05:35
Thank you for these articles. I´m in the process of buying a PC for the love of chess. And my plan has this far been to aim for a speedy searcher using Chessbase 14 without any lag and a generally pleasant flow in the user interface. Would a NUC Skull Canyon with 16GB ram and a fast SSD disk be a perfect match for that? I guess for my use (no corr chess) any modern PC is OK for the engine-strength?!
Bacon butty Bacon butty 11/30/2017 12:34
Who uses PCs these days anyway? wheres the mac software/set up? Or more likely develop a cloud based solution for universal access as mentioned below. time to move into the 21st centrury.
garyklien garyklien 11/29/2017 06:19
@Bertman Sounds like Globular is one of them though :P
Bertman Bertman 11/28/2017 03:02
@Globular - If you are a light chess user, then it makes even more sense than not. A light user will not be the one doing remote analysis in the setup described in the first 'Ultimate' article. So this would provide an inexpensive computer that allows him to do all the usual things computers do AND enjoy top-notch analysis.
Globular Globular 11/28/2017 02:57
@kevinc Yes, for a heavy user it doesn't make sense, but in combination with a really cheap laptop (or chromebook even) for a sporadic chess engine user, it's an option.
Globular Globular 11/28/2017 02:54
Right, but how often does the average user run a chess engine (typically)? 1-2 hours a day? That's two years worth for $500 (more if you factor in electricity cost), with no backups necessary, access from everywhere, etc. And if you use a high CPU version at $0.28 per hour that 2.5 years worth. Plus you can upgrade (or downgrade) any time. It's an option, that's all.
KevinC KevinC 11/28/2017 01:03
@Globular Your way only gets you 1315 hours, or 164 8-hour days, and frankly, I use my computer a lot more than that. It might be a good solution for a VERY light computer user, but not for a heavy user.
GM DENETH THEMINDA GM DENETH THEMINDA 11/28/2017 09:25
Machines are machines.
omavein omavein 11/28/2017 09:07
Put a cheap SSD for Syzygy 6 pieces
horius horius 11/27/2017 10:31
Haha thats ridiculously expensive

https://cloud.google.com/compute/pricing

check the 8 vcpu machine, its $0.38 per hour etc.


$500 for a machine you own (+extra power costs obviously) is a bargain!
Globular Globular 11/27/2017 10:12
What about setting up an Amazon or Google Virtual Machine in the cloud? You would only pay for the time you use, and it could be accessed from anywhere with a cheap laptop.
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