Kavalek on Huffington: US Team wins Olympic Gold

9/20/2016 – We can't get enough of the 42nd Chess Olympiad that finished last Tuesday in Baku. It was one of the most exciting events of the year, and saw some extraordinary chess and results. Huffington Post columnist GM Lubomir Kavalek tells us how the US Americans bested 170 teams to win Gold and gives the three rules required to achieve this. His game analysis is as always profound and entertaining. Perfect for an early autumn Sunday.

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U.S. Chess Team Wins Olympic Gold in Baku

By GM Lubomir Kavalek

Editorial note: Lubomir Kavalek participated in nine Olympiads from 1964 till 1986. He played twice for Czechoslovakia (1964 and 1966) and seven times for the United States (mostly on the top board). He holds the all-time record of six team medals (one gold and five bronze medals) among American players. He achieved it with 25 different teammates.

The golden U.S. team from right: Fabiano Caruana, Wesley So, Ray Robson, Samuel Shankland, Captain John Donaldson, Hikaru Nakamura, coach Alex Lenderman

The United States bested 170 teams and won the 42nd World Chess Olympiad in Baku, Azerbaijan. At the closing ceremony last Tuesday, they received the gold medals and the traditional Azerbaijani hats – the papaqs. Sam Shankland raised the Hamilton-Russell trophy that travels with every winning team until the next Olympiad. For the next two years, it will be displayed at the World Chess Hall of Fame in Saint Louis, Missouri.

The last time the United States won was 40 years ago at the 1976 Chess Olympiad in Haifa. At that time, the gold medals hung on one single game that was out of our hands and lasted 14 hours and 111 moves. It ended in our favor. The last round in Baku was even more of a nail-biter and the gold depended on a single move. Only when an Estonian player took a wrong turn and lost to his German opponent could the Americans celebrate.

Why was it so close when they did almost everything right? They finished undefeated with 20 match points, winning nine matches and drawing with Russia and the Czechs. But the team of Ukraine also scored 20 points. They lost to the U.S., but beat all the other teams, including the defending champions China and the top seeded Russia. It was down to a complicated tiebreak, an antiquated entity based on the results of other teams. Russia secured the bronze with 18 points.

China won the gold in the Women’s section. Poland clinched the silver medals with a better tiebreak over the bronze Ukraine. The current finance minister of Latvia, Dana Reizniece-Ozola, surprised everybody with a fine victory over the Women’s world champion Hou Yifan. Ukraine won the Gaprindashvili Cup, one country combined results from the Open and Women sections.

Baadur Jobava of Georgia had the best result on the top board (8.0/10). Eugene Torre, 64, played in his 23rd Olympiad, a record, and scored the most points (10.0/11). The world champion Magnus Carlsen led Norway to its historically best fifth place. Carlsen will be promoting chess in New Jersey next week, playing an exhibition match against Fabiano Caruana (see below) before starting his preparation for the World Championship match scheduled for November in New York.

A dream team

The top three grandmasters on the U.S. team are now rated among the best seven players in the world, but the team was seeded second behind Russia. On paper, it was a toss up, but the Russians were brought to a standstill after India tied them 2-2 one round before the end. In that match Pentala Harikrishna beat the world championship challenger Sergey Karjakin. Here are the U.S. team results:

Caruana and Wesley So were undefeated. Hikaru Nakamura was the workhorse, playing all 11 games, and was almost knocked out by a cold in the last few rounds. Sam Shankland did well until the last round. Ray Robson’s unfortunate loss to Alexander Grischuk of Russia made it hard to put him back in the lineup.

The U.S. team captain John Donaldson pointed out that the team had great chemistry, the players were helping each other despite their individual rivalries. Donaldson had several great achievements as team captain. Baku was his 12th Olympiad. The U.S. team won one gold (2016), one silver (1990) and four bronze medals (1986, 1996, 2006, 2008) under his leadership. He also led U.S. teams at the World Team championships (gold 1993, silver 1997 and 2009) and Pan-Am championships (gold 2013).

A guide to Olympic gold and other medals

Before 2008 the medals were decided by board points and every single game was important. The match points settle the outcome now. In either case the following rules help to get the medals:

Rule 1 - Defeat your rivals

In 1984 in Thessaloniki, the U.S. team defeated the Soviets, but the Russians won the gold anyway. England finished second and we were in a fight for the bronze with the Hungarians. After three draws, I beat Lajos Portisch on the top board and we ended third by a half point.

With his looks, determination and mental strength, Caruana resembles a Tour de France climber and he brings these attributes to the chessboard. The U.S. champion finished undefeated in Baku and was instrumental in beating Ukraine. After three draws, he masterfully exploited a better pawn structure. His win kept Ukraine out of the top spot.

[Event "42nd Olympiad "] [Site "Baku"] [Date "2016.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Caruana, Fabiano"] [Black "Eljanov, Pavel"] [Result "1-0"] [WhiteElo "2808"] [BlackElo "2739"] [Annotator "GM Lubomir Kavalek/The Huffington Post"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "r7/4p1kp/2p2qp1/8/PR4P1/4Q2P/5P2/6K1 b - - 0 38"] [PlyCount "30"] [EventDate "2016.09.02"] {The material is equal, but White has a strong distant passed a-pawn and the black split pawns are weak. In time pressure, Eljanov commits a sin: he immobilizes his own rook, allowing Caruana's a-pawn a free ride.} 38... Rf8 ({ Giving up the pawn immediately does not help:} 38... c5 39. Re4 Ra7 40. Qxc5 Rd7 41. a5 {and Black has to worry not only about the a-pawn, but also about his own e-pawn.}) 39. Re4 Rf7 40. Re5 Qd6 ({After} 40... Qf3 {White has a choice:} 41. a5 (41. Rxe7 Qd1+ (41... Rxe7 42. Qxf3) (41... Qxe3 42. Rxf7+ Kxf7 43. fxe3 $18) 42. Kg2 Qd5+ 43. Kg3 Qd6+ 44. Qe5+ Qxe5+ 45. Rxe5 Ra7 46. a5 Kf6 47. f4 $18) 41... Qxe3 42. Rxe3 c5 (42... Kf8 43. a6) 43. Kf1 Rf4 44. Ra3 c4 45. Ra4 $1 {The pin allows White to keep his rook behind the a-pawn. His king is close to the c-pawn and White wins easily.}) 41. a5 Qd1+ 42. Kg2 Qa1 43. Qe2 $1 e6 44. a6 $1 Qd4 ({Black cannot win the a-pawn, since he gets mated:} 44... Ra7 45. Rxe6 Qxa6 (45... Rxa6 46. Re7+ Kh8 47. Qe6 Ra8 48. Qf7 {mates soon.}) 46. Qe5+ Kh6 47. Qf4+ Kg7 48. Qf6+ Kh6 49. Qf8+ Kg5 50. f4+ Kh4 51. Qh6#) 45. Rxe6 c5 46. Re7 $1 {The a-pawn is faster in the queen endgame.} Qd5+ 47. f3 c4 48. Rxf7+ Qxf7 ({After} 48... Kxf7 49. Qa2 $1 {a nice double-pin along the diagonal a2-g8, forcing the black queen to the a8-square.} Ke7 50. a7 Qa8 51. Qb2 g5 52. Qe5+ Kf7 53. Qe4 $1 {and White queens.} Qxa7 54. Qxh7+ $18) 49. Qe5+ Kh6 (49... Kg8 50. Qc5 ({or} 50. Qb8+ Kg7 51. a7 Qd5 52. a8=Q Qd2+ 53. Kg3 Qe1+ 54. Kf4 {and there is no perpetual check.})) 50. Qe3+ Kg7 51. Qd4+ Kh6 52. a7 Qb7 53. h4 {Threatening 54.g5+ Kh5 55.Qg4 mate.} 1-0

Rule 2 - Don’t lose matches and games

In 1986 in Dubai, the United States beat the Soviets. After three draws, Garry Kasparov had a better chances, but his awkward winning attempt backfired and he lost to Yasser Seirawan. But my loss to England’s Nigel Short and Yasser’s last round loss to Bulgaria’s Kiril Georgiev had more impact on the final outcome. Although we were leading going into the last round, we ended up with the bronze medals.

Wesley So also didn’t lose any games in Baku and with his win with the black pieces against Ian Nepomniachtchti secured an important tie against Russia. His opponent won the first seven games, but Wesley didn’t give him any chances.

[Event "42nd Olympiad "] [Site "Baku "] [Date "2016.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Nepomniachtchi, Ian"] [Black "So, Wesley"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C50"] [WhiteElo "2740"] [BlackElo "2782"] [Annotator "GM Lubomir Kavalek/The Huffington Post"] [PlyCount "100"] [EventDate "2016.09.02"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. O-O Nf6 5. d3 O-O 6. a4 d6 7. c3 a6 8. h3 { Preventing the pin Bc8-g4, but the pawn can later become a target.} (8. a5) 8... Ba7 9. Re1 Ne7 10. d4 Ng6 11. Bd3 c6 {A flexible move So might have discussed with Caruana before the game.} 12. Be3 Nh5 13. Nbd2 Nhf4 14. Bf1 exd4 {After establishing his knight on f4, So changes the dynamics in the center.} 15. Bxd4 Bxd4 16. cxd4 d5 17. e5 f6 {Opening the f-file.} 18. Ra3 ({ Wesley expected the queenside blockade} 18. a5) 18... fxe5 19. dxe5 (19. Nxe5 Nxe5 20. Rxe5 {at least opens the third rank for the other rook.}) 19... a5 $1 {A strong positional move, fixing the queenside.} 20. Qc1 Qe7 21. Rb3 Bf5 22. Nd4 Ne6 $1 {Blocking the e-pawn.} 23. Nxf5 $6 {Leaving Black with a beautiful blockading knight on e6. The black pieces are flooding the kingside and White cannot attack any weaknesses.} ({Nepomniachtchi should have tried} 23. Nxe6 Bxe6 24. g3 Rf7 25. f4 {although after} Raf8 {Black threatens to break through with a knight sacrifice, for example} 26. Qd1 Nxf4 27. gxf4 Rxf4 {with a good compensation.}) 23... Rxf5 24. Bd3 ({After} 24. Nf3 Raf8 {Black is ready to strike.}) 24... Rf4 25. Bxg6 hxg6 {Wesley takes over control of the game and his positional pressure is mounting.} 26. Qd1 Raf8 27. Rf3 Qb4 28. Rxf4 Rxf4 29. Nf3 (29. Qc2 {could be met by} Qc5 30. Qxc5 Nxc5 31. b3 Kf7 {and Black will soon pick up some pawns.}) 29... Qxa4 {This is the first bonus, devoid of danger. A frustrating position for White. Wesley converts it slowly into a win. } 30. Qd3 Rf5 (30... Re4 {is the other way to go.}) 31. Qb1 Qf4 32. Qc2 Kh7 33. Re3 Qc4 (33... Qb4) 34. Qd1 (34. Qxc4 dxc4 35. Ra3 b6 $17) 34... Rf4 35. Rc3 Qb4 36. Qc1 a4 37. h4 Kg8 38. Qb1 Qe4 39. Qd1 Nd4 40. Re3 Nxf3+ 41. gxf3 (41. Rxf3 Rxf3 42. gxf3 Qxe5 {is hopeless.}) 41... Qf5 42. e6 Rxh4 43. Re4 $5 { A hustler’s try.} ({After} 43. e7 {the mate is stronger than the Queen. So calculated:} Qh3 $1 44. e8=Q+ Kh7 45. Qxg6+ Kxg6 46. Qc2+ Kf7 $19) ({After} 43. f4 {Black can block the e-pawn with the King:} Kf8 44. Qxa4 Qb1+) (43. Qf1 Kf8) 43... Rxe4 (43... Rh6 $1 44. Rg4 Qh5 45. Kf1 Qxg4 $1 46. fxg4 Rh1+ {wins faster.}) 44. fxe4 Qxe4 $19 {The feast will be over soon.} 45. Qd2 Qxe6 46. Qa5 Qg4+ 47. Kf1 b5 48. Qc7 g5 49. Qb8+ Kh7 50. Qd6 b4 0-1

Rule 3 - Be lucky

Incredibly, the first two rules didn’t help in Baku. As in Haifa other teams decided who got the gold.

In 1976, we spent several excruciating hours in the lobby of the Dan Carmel hotel, where the Haifa Olympiad took place. The Dutch team needed IM Franc Kuijpers to beat the Finnish master Ilkka Saaren to clinch first place on a tiebreak, but after 14 hours and 111 moves the game was drawn.

The final position in the game Kuijpers-Saaren

This position didn’t change much in the last 30 moves. Kuijpers gave up trying and we won the gold.

In Baku, the top medals were decided by a “byzantine” tiebreak, as Donaldson put it. It turned out that a tie between Estonia and Germany would give the gold to Ukraine. And it was headed that way, except for one wrong check.

[Event "42nd Olympiad "] [Site "Baku "] [Date "2016.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Bluebaum, Matthias"] [Black "Seeman, Tarvo"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "E71"] [WhiteElo "2626"] [BlackElo "2407"] [Annotator "GM Lubomir Kavalek/The Huffington Post"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "1r4k1/QP3p2/B5p1/3P4/1P2P2p/4KP1P/2q5/8 b - - 0 59"] [PlyCount "27"] [EventDate "2016.09.02"] {This position appeared in the game for the second time and Black again gave the wrong check.} 59... Qc1+ $2 ({A draw is achieved by} 59... Qc3+ $1 { for example:} 60. Kf2 (60. Bd3 $2 Qe1+ 61. Kf4 (61. Kd4 Qg1+ $19) 61... Qg3+ 62. Ke3 Qg1+ $19) (60. Kf4 Qf6+ 61. Ke3 $11 (61. Kg4 $2 Qe5 62. f4 (62. Kxh4 Qf4#) 62... Qh5#)) 60... Qc2+ 61. Be2 Qc7 $11) 60. Kd3 $1 {Bluebaum finally begins the victorious king-walk, securing the gold for the Americans.He played Ke3-f2 at first, but the white King needs to escape checks, marching forward via the queenside.} Qd1+ 61. Kc4 Qf1+ 62. Kb3 Qd1+ 63. Kb2 {The journey to the sixth rank starts with a retreat.} Qd2+ 64. Ka3 Qc3+ 65. Ka4 Qc7 ({Or} 65... Qa1+ 66. Kb5 Qf1+ (66... Qe5 67. Qc5 $18) 67. Kc6 Qc1+ 68. Qc5 $18) 66. Qc5 Qh2 (66... Rxb7 67. Bxb7 Qxb7 68. Qc6 {wins easily.}) 67. Ka5 Kg7 68. Kb6 Qxh3 69. Qc7 Rxb7+ 70. Bxb7 Qxf3 71. d6 h3 72. e5 Qf4 1-0

Editorial note

In the ChessBase Javascript PGN players above you can move pieces on the board to analyse the position further. You can also start an engine to support your analysis. That is the perfect way to answer the "but why not ..." questions that always arise when you are playing through other people's comments.

Before leaving the Chess Olympiad in Baku several chessplayers created their version of John Lennon’s song Imagine

Carlsen vs. Caruana next Thursday

The world chess champion Magnus Carlsen and the current U.S. champion Fabiano Caruana, who led the U.S. team to gold medals at the recent Chess Olympiad in Baku, will compete in a “tag-team” match at the Liberty Science Center in Jersey City, NJ (222 Jersey City Blvd.) on Thursday, Sept. 22 from 10:30 am till noon.

Caruana and a designated player will challenge Carlsen and his teammate in a sort of chess doubles. Carlsen will also play a simo against 13 opponents, qualified via PlayMagnus app. Paul Hoffman, president and CEO of LSC, will comment on the play. It will be live-streamed via Norwegian TV. Both players believe that chess can have an impact on STEM education, favored by the Center.

Image by Maria Emelianova

Original column hereCopyright Huffington Post

Huffington Post ran the column on Sunday as the top sporting news

The Huffington Post is an American news website and aggregated blog founded by Arianna Huffington and others, featuring various news sources and columnists. The site was launched on May 9, 2005, as a commentary outlet and liberal/progressive alternative to conservative news websites. It offers coverage of politics, media, business, entertainment, living, style, the green movement, world news, and comedy. It is a top destination for news, blogs, and original content. The Huffington Post has an active community, with over over a quarter of a billion visits per month (according to Quantcast), making it the number 73 ranked web site in the world (Alexa, January 2014).

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hpaul hpaul 9/21/2016 04:31
It seems to me that an obvious decisive tiebreak between two teams should be the result of their match, in cases where they have played each other. Tiebreaks that depend on how well a third team does against a fourth are inappropriate. In any case, only the first place needs to be settled by tiebreak, for the trophy. For the other positions, accept ties and give duplicate silver medals if necessary. I suggest that, where no decisive result between teams #1 and 2 exists, the gold medal be contested by a short match: first a rapid, followed by a blitz and an Armageddon match, if necessary. If still tied, resort to that old FIDE standby - a bribe.
weerogue weerogue 9/21/2016 12:56
Always enjoy these articles - thanks Mr.Kavalek/HuffPost/ChessBase!

I notice that he also makes the assertion that the US needed to Germany to win in order to win Gold - would love to know the source of this if anybody knows!
(As far as my own [and others'] scrutiny of the rules can determine, the US would also have won gold in the case of a Germany draw with Estonia, but the tiebreak rules are unclear on this point.)
Hamsuns Hamsuns 9/21/2016 11:58
thanks for the great article by mr. Kavalek (as usual) but also for the great video clip. It gives a different, humanly dimension to the games.
GregEs GregEs 9/21/2016 10:27
Great article by GM Kavalek.
scoobeedo scoobeedo 9/21/2016 02:39
The Video with all the players singing Imagine is outstanding! And I liked the different voices.

I guess that the most voice talents in this clip are even more talented in chess ...