50 games every chessplayer should know

by Johannes Fischer
3/14/2017 – Recent trends in book publishing indicate how demanding life has become. A whole series of thick books tell you about "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", "1001 TV Series You Must Watch Before You Die", "1001 Books You Must Read Before You Die" or "1001 Beers You Must Try Before You Die". But what about chess? And why not start small, e.g. with "50 chessgames every chessplayer should know"?

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Admittedly, selecting 50 great games from the history of chess might indeed be a bit too modest. After all, the ChessBase Mega Database contains no less than 6.8 million games, and if you want to give every official World Champion from Wilhelm Steinitz to Magnus Carlsen their due by showing only two games of each you already have 32 games - without taking players such as Morphy, Anderssen, Tarrasch, Schlechter, Rubinstein, Nimzowitsch, Boguljubov, Fine, Reshevsky, Bronstein, Najdorf, Keres, Geller, Stein, Portisch, Kortschnoi, Judit Polgar and many others into account. Not to mention contemporary players such as Aronian, Nakamura, Giri, Karjakin or So.

Therefore, a list with "50 games which every chessplayer should know" is necessarily incomplete and the selection very much a matter of taste and open to debate. But this should be okay if one does not aspire to present the 50 "absolutely best" or "most important" games of all times. In fact, it should be more important that the games are interesting, beautiful, historically important and entertaining - and after all, you can always add to the list.

So, let's begin with an entertaining classic that shows the power of the pawns. The game was played in 1834 and was the 16th game of a match between Louis Charles Mahé de Labourdonnais from France and Alexander McDonnell from Ireland, back then arguably the world's best players. It was part of a series of six matches Labourdonnais and McDonnell played from June to October 1834 in the Westminster Club in London and in the course of this series they played 85 games against each other. Labourdonnais won the marathon with 45 wins, 27 losses and 13 draws. The following game was particularly remarkable and is still a pleasure to watch.

 

Historical Notes

Alexander McDonnell was born on May 22, 1798 in Belfast, Ireland, and died September 14, 1835 in London. According to the Oxford Companion to Chess by Kenneth Whyld and David Hooper McDonnell was „the son of a doctor, spent some years in the West Indies and later worked in London as secretary of the Committee of West Indies Merchants". About McDonnell's chess style the Oxford Companion writes: „On occasion McDonnell's combinative play could be brilliant and imaginative, but his opening play (…) and his technique were inferior. (…) Whereas Bourdonnais played fast and with ease, McDonnell concentrated at length about his moves and retired from a playing session exhausted, sometimes 'walking his room the greater part of the night in a dreadful state of excitement'. His contemporaries believed that this long period of stress hastened his death from Bright's disease. (...) Unlike his great rival, McDonnell died wealthy. Besides chess he was interested in political economy, on which he wrote half a dozen books or pamphlets.“

Louis-Charles Mahé de Labourdonnais was born in 1795 (some sources give 1797 as the year of his birth - the exact date is not known) in Réunion where his grandfather had been governor, and died on December 13, 1840, in London. According to the Oxford Companion his family sent him "to the Lycée Henri IV in Paris where, in 1814, he learnt chess". The game soon became his passion and he spent days and nights in the famous Café de la Régence playing chess.

Louis-Charles Mahé de Labourdonnais (Photo: Wikipedia)

In 1836 Labourdonnais founded Le Palamède, the world's first chess magazine, but then he suffered several blows of fate. In 1838 he had a stroke and later fell ill with dropsy. One year later, in 1839, Labourdonnais lost his job and his income as secretary of the Paris Chess Club when the club was disbanded. With no regular income he gradually drifted into poverty as he had spent or lost the family fortune by misspeculation in the beginning of the 1830s.

In November 1840 he again travelled to London to play games at odds and for money at Simpson's Divan but soon became too ill to do so. He died December 13, 1840. Like his rival McDonnell Labourdonnais was buried at the Kensal Green cemetery.

(To be continued...)



Johannes Fischer was born in 1963 in Hamburg and studied English and German literature in Frankfurt. He now lives as a writer and translator in Nürnberg. He is a FIDE-Master and regularly writes for KARL, a German chess magazine focusing on the links between culture and chess. On his own blog he regularly publishes notes on "Film, Literature and Chess".
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JamesJM8 JamesJM8 3/16/2017 11:46
This was De la Bourdonnais's most popular win. In the same match, the fourth of their series, McDonnell also had his most popular victory. This followed from a deep queen sacrifice and was described by Irving Chernev in 'The Chess Companion' as the first of chess history's immortal games. Immortal games often involved a queen and/or other piece sacrifices, the Anderssen Kieseritsky one, which is likely to be included in this collection, being the ultimate example.
Robert Cuadros Robert Cuadros 3/16/2017 08:24
Great article and great game!
Miguel Ararat Miguel Ararat 3/16/2017 04:57
Nice article Mr. Fischer, I am now motivate to work on a database and select my own favorite 50 chess games :)
semprun semprun 3/16/2017 01:04
Pressing F11 on a Mac does not bring the next game BUT minimises the Browser. Any ideas how to get the next game?
Pieces in Motion Pieces in Motion 3/16/2017 06:27
Nice article and a classic game with fine annotation. ChessBase should feature more articles like this.
tomas hecht tomas hecht 3/15/2017 09:18
I am afraid that after 26 Rf2 white is better. Also Kasparov in his book My Great Predecessors omits this possibility. The continuition was found by Stockfish (and also other engines). There are many errors in chess annotations based on the rule "the winner s has made good moves.
ashikuzzaman ashikuzzaman 3/15/2017 08:02
Great game 1! But what about the other 49 games?
raghavbalaji raghavbalaji 3/15/2017 09:44
It is disheartening to note that still the board and notation are not given together.
what's the point in having a board with notation & analysis not with it?
Please consider
psamant psamant 3/15/2017 08:36
Great idea for a series of articles! The first game was superb and whetted my appetite for the next installment!
benedictralph benedictralph 3/15/2017 05:04
I think one of the problems with the Mega Database series and others like it is that it misses out on gems (e.g. interestingly unique positions or combinations) that might have occurred between regular or unknown players. Unless you are "somebody" today, the database will never include your game. Even if it *is* included, it will probably never be cited, again, because you're nobody in chess.
rohuegel rohuegel 3/14/2017 08:48
A great selection for Game 1! I look forward to the next article!
corto02 corto02 3/14/2017 07:51
Great article !
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