Lothar Schmid – the Complete Chess Authority turns 80!
By Elmer Dumlao Sangalang
Lucena's book, which appeared in 1497
I love books. I love to read them. I love to have them. As a result, I have
a growing library. And because chess ranks top among my few absorbing hobbies,
most of my books are on chess. It is a genuine source of delight for an aficionado
like me, that chess possesses an extensive literature which in content probably
exceeds that of all other games combined. Each year I have some interesting
new book to look forward to.
Whenever I sit back to relax and appreciate my modest chess book collection,
I never fail to think fondly, specially on the occasion of his 80th birthday,
of a friend elsewhere in the world who must be two-hundred times as joyous about
his – for he is in possession and has direct access to any one of a vast collection
of more than 50,000 chess books!
He is International Grandmaster Lothar Schmid, the celebrated bibliophile owner
of the largest private chess library in the world. Born Lothar Maximilian Lorenz
Schmid in Dresden, West Germany, on May 10, 1928, his love for books must have
been enkindled by the fact that his family owned the large publishing firm,
the Karl May Verlag, whose management passed on to him when his father
died. It is not just the sheer number, but also the quality of his collection
that is remarkable. For example, he owns one of only ten extant copies of the
first printed chess book by Luis Lucena, entitled Discourse on Love and the
Art of Chess with 150 Endings (in English translation), which appeared in
GM Lothar Schmid, who celebrates his 80th birthday today
He also has all eight editions of Pedro Damiano’s book, Questo libro e da
imparare giocare a scachi et de la partite (1512-64). About six feet of
shelf-space in his library is taken up by all editions published in more than
a century of Jean Dufresne’s famous little primer, Kleines Lehrbuch des Schachspiels
(1881). These and many other fascinating features of GM Schmid’s legendary collection
have been written about frequently. But does anybody know that it even has a
GM Schmid spent two and a half months of 1978 in Baguio City, the Philippines,
as chief arbiter of the Karpov-Korchnoi match. He got to love the City of Pines
and the famed Filipino hospitality. His stay, however, was abbreviated by pressing
business concerns that required his physical presence in West Germany, so he
was not in attendance at the match’s conclusion.
Schmid returned to our country fourteen years later to participate in the 1992
FIDE Congress held in Manila as member of the Commission on Chess Art and the
Rules Commission. In the meantime, we became friends through correspondence
that I had initiated with my request for an autographed picture in 1982. Along
with it, GM Schmid sent me a souvenir booklet/program of the 100th Anniversary
Celebration of the Bamberg Chess Club.
In genuine appreciation of his extraordinary thoughtfulness that I felt I had
not deserved, I reciprocated by sending him several of our locally published
chess booklets. I was gratified to learn from his response that he valued them
even if, in my personal assessment, they were obviously inferior to most of
the countless publications he was accustomed to. I was so impressed by such
humility from a chess personality of his stature that I earnestly sought out
all extant Philippine chess publications and sent them to him to augment his
collection. Every time a new book of Philippine origin appeared, I made sure
that GM Schmid promptly got his copy in mint condition. In due time his compilation
grew in size to develop, according to him, into a noteworthy part of his library
that he now refers to as the beloved “Philippine Section”.
Lothar Schmid (right) during the Spassky-Fischer match in 1972
Not to be outdone in generosity, GM Schmid has gifted me with some rare and
precious titles such as Das Konigliche Spiel by Petzold and Schachspiel
und Trictrac by Kluge Pinsker (Hg.). When he came to our country in 1992,
he brought me a couple of limited-reprint vintage tournament booklets as souvenirs
of his visit. I treasure and take great pride in them, together with all the
letters and chess-inspired cards I have received from him through the years
of our friendship. In mutual admiration, I call them my “Schmid Collection”.
Officiating at the Petrosian-Fischer Candidates Final in 1971
GM Schmid was consistently among the best three players of West Germany in
the three decades following the Second World War. As an over-the-board (OTB)
player, he represented West Germany in the Olympiads eleven times from 1950
to 1974, winning the silver medal on second board in Lugano 1968. He should
have also won two more silver medals for his excellent debut performances on
board two, in Dubrovnik 1950 and in Helsinki 1952, but medal honors, besides
the gold, were not being awarded in the early years of the post-war Olympiads.
At the Fischer-Spassky Belgrade rematch in 1992
His most notable OTB achievement was shared second place with former World
Champion Tigran Petrosian, half a point behind GM Paul Keres, but ahead of prominent
contemporary GMs Wolfgang Unzicker, Borislav Ivkov, Jan Donner and Laszlo Szabo
in the tournament held in his hometown Bamberg in 1968, to commemorate the 100th
anniversary of the Bamberg Chess Club.
A man of great chess talent, Lothar Schmid also excelled in postal chess, where
he holds the title of International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster. He won
the great Dyckhoff Memorial Correspondence Chess tourney in 1956 and subsequently
took second place equal with ICCGM Lucius Endzelins, half a point after ICCGM
Viacheslav Ragozin, in the 2nd World Correspondence Chess Championship, 1956-58.
But his most famous chess-related activity involved chess organization. GM
Schmid was the chief arbiter of several world championship matches. With great
tack and patience, IA Schmid refereed the 1972 Fischer-Spassky in Reykjavik,
1978 Karpov-Korchnoi in Baguio, 1986 Kasparov-Karpov in London-Leningrad and
1992 Fischer-Spassky in Sveti Stefan-Belgrade. His study of and training in
law found relevant application in the officiation at the highest levels of chess
As my way of congratulating GM Schmid for having lived life to the full for
eight decades of a century, I am presenting his favorite game. It is not one
of his big wins against the world-class players GMs Paul Keres and Efim Bogolyubov
and former World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. What he relishes most is this
game against his old friend and fellow Olympic Team member GM Klaus Darga in
Frankfurt 1966, given with his light annotations.
Schmid,Lothar - Darga,Klaus [C78]
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Be7. Since
Black has played 5...b5 one move earlier than usual, White does not answer Re1
followed by the typical maneuver Nb1-d2-f1-g3. Instead, he attacks the Queen's
wing. 7.d4 d6 8.c3 0-0 9.h3 h6 10.Be3 Re8 11.Nbd2 Bf8 12.d5. It would
have been possible to play 12.Nh2 with the idea f2-f4. The pawn e4 was safe
because of the possibility Bd5. 12...Ne7 13.a4 Bb7 14.c4. Maybe a little
bit too aggressive. Quite reasonable would have been 14.Qe2. 14...c6! 15.dxc6
Nxc6! A fine pawn sacrifice that gives good prospects in the center.
A mistake would have been 15...Bxc6 16.axb5 axb5 17.cxb5 Bxb5 18.Bxf7+ Kxf7
19.Qb3+ wins. 16.axb5 axb5 17.cxb5 Nb4! 18.Qe2 Nxe4! 19.Bxh6 d5. Black
has two strong and mobile pawns in the center and could be rather satisfied. However,
he has to take care because of the broken pillar h6. 20.Be3 Nc5 21.Rxa8 Bxa8
22.Bxc5 Bxc5 23.Rc1 Bd6 24.h4! g6! 25.Ng5 Kg7? It should have been better
to complete the strong central position by f5! Now there will follow several
surprises. 26.Nde4! Be7. Short of time on the clock it was difficult
to find the variation 26...dxe4 27.Nxf7 which would have been relatively the
best. 27.Qe3! From this square the Queen looks to the left and right
and demoralizes the opponent. As he does not move Qb8 he gets out of order.
27...Rh8? 28.Nc5 Qd6 29.f4 Bf6
30.Nce6+! fxe6 31.Rc7+! Qxc7 32.Nxe6+ Kh7 33.Nxc7 d4 34.Qd2 Be7 35.fxe5 d3
36.Ne6 Be4 37.Ng5+.
This is quite an exciting game throughout that was enjoyed
even by the loser. I thought to myself that it was necessary to be ready for great
risks to get winning chances against my good friend.
37.Ng5+ Bxg5 38.hxg5
Nd5 (38...Nc2 39.Qf2
and Black will be mated.)
39.Qe1 wins a piece.
1-0. [Click to replay]
Lothar Schmid was born on May 10th 1928 in Dresden, Germany. In 1941, at the
age of 13 and at the beginning of his career, he won the Dresden Championship.
In 1943, he took second in Vienna (German Junior Championship). In September
1948, at the age of 20, he tied for fourth/fifth place at the full German Chess
Championship (12th GER-ch) in Essen. In May 1949 he took third in Bad Pyrmont
(13th GER-ch, which was won by Efim Bogoljubow). In 1956 he won in Göteborg,
in 1957 he took fourth in the Dublin Zonal. In 1964 he won in Wilderness and
tied for fourth/fifth in Zürich. In 1968 he tied for second/third with
Tigran Petrosian, behind Paul Keres, in Bamberg. In 1970 he won in Mar del Plata.
These are only a few of the successes in a long chess career.
Lothar Schmid played for West Germany at eleven Chess Olympiads:
|9th Olympiad in Dubrovni
||+7 -1 =4
|10th Olympiad in Helsinki
||+7 -1 =4
|11th Olympiad in Amsterdam
||+6 -4 =3
|12th Olympiad in Moscow
||+4 -2 =7
|13th Olympiad in Munich
||+6 -3 =4
|14th Olympiad in Leipzig
||+7 -2 =5
|15th Olympiad in Varn
||+4 -2 =2
|16th Olympiad Tel Aviv
||+7 -2 =5
|18th Olympiad Lugano
||+6 -0 =6
|19th Olympiad Siegen
||+7 -1 =4
|21st Olympiad Nice
||+5 -3 =7
Schmid won four individual silver medals (1950, 1952, 1968, 1970) and two team
bronze medals (1950, 1964). He played for German team at twelve Clare Benedict
Cups, winning nine gold, one silver, and two bronze medals in 1957–1973.
He won first German Correspondence Championship (1950–1952), the first
Eduard Dyckhoff Memorial (1954–1956), and came second with in the second
World Correspondence Championship in (1956–1959). Schmid was awarded the
IM title in 1951, and the GM and GMC titles in 1959.