The GM Journey of Amon Simutowe
By Dr Daaim Shabazz
Zambia is a place of resplendent beauty. Known for its famous Victoria Falls
(which it shares with neighbor Zimbabwe), it is said to be one of the great
wonders of the world. Majestically imposing, yet radiant in its natural beauty,
the Falls tumble thunderously into the Zambezi Gorge and filter into tranquil
waters. It is no wonder that such a place of beauty can produce an unassuming
young man from Ndola… an outward appearance of tranquility, but an inner
force exuding strength and courage.
The famous Victoria Falls, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe
Born January 6, 1982, Amon
Simutowe's rise in chess can only be explained by the inevitability that
he was destined for greatness. He had originally set his dreams on being a striker
for the Zambian national football (soccer) team after starring at the youth
level. With his uncle having served as a coach on the National Team and also
having coached one of the top four teams in the premier division, football was
a natural attraction to young Amon.
A shark on the prowl: IM Amon Simutowe [Photo by Fred Lucas]
However, his life was changed forever when he asked his brother Solomon (ten
years his senior) to introduce him to the royal game of chess at the age of
ten. After two months, his interest shifted completely to chess. His older brother
saw a healthy appetite growing in his younger brother and began sending young
Amon chess books and the British Chess magazine from England. Since chess materials
were hard to come by in Zambia, Amon studied these magazines voraciously and
two years later in 1994, he would enter his 1st of three local tournaments.
"I really didn't do very well, but was praised as the best young player…
under 16," said a reflective Simutowe.
"I didn't have anyone to blame in chess for my
losses and I didn't have to wait until I was 18 to compete nationally."
Amon Simutowe, on why he chose chess over football.
The work ethic is what eventually distinguished Simutowe from the rest of his
compatriots. Africa has been a continent sorely neglected when it comes to chess
development and players are typically left to find their own way against well-heeled
federations with handsome budgets. Simutowe's resourcefulness has perhaps been
a blessing since he had to rely only on his own initiative to rise to become
Zambia's top player. After winning the nation's under-21 championship at age
13, he caused a mild controversy when he was heard calling the reigning Zambian
champion "weak." The Zambian champion gave Simutowe a spanking in
their next chess encounter, but Simutowe was still not impressed. He got revenge
the next year winning the national championship at age 14!
Despite this bout of brash behavior, Simutowe is an unassuming and humble young
man. However, he became famous for devouring his competition in Fischer-like
fashion winning tournaments by ridiculous margins. He earned the IM title at
the 1998 African Zonal (zone 4.3) with the required 66% score and later went
on to win the first of his two African Junior Championships. In 1999, he scored
a whopping 12/13 followed by an 11/11 score in 2000. After repeatedly terrorizing
his competition, he earned the moniker, "The Zambezi Shark." He also
carried the Zambian flag abroad in the under-16 championship and beat Iran's
Essam Ghaem Maghami who would later become a Grandmaster.
The year 2000 was certainly the breakthrough year for Simutowe, he scored 6½-4½
in the British Championship including a beautiful win against IM Colin Crouch.
Crouch was so excited at having been a party to the game that he annotated it
for publication in the British newspapers. Needless to say, the game is a gem.
Simutowe,Amon (2322) - Crouch,Colin (2448) [E44]
MSO Ron Banwell mem London (8.6), 27.08.2000
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 b6 5.Nge2 Ne4 6.Qc2 f5 7.a3 Bxc3+ 8.Nxc3
Bb7 9.Nxe4 Bxe4 10.Qc3 0-0 11.f3 Bb7 12.Be2 Qh4+ 13.g3 Qh5 14.0-0 d6 15.b4 Nc6
16.Rf2 Ne7 17.Bb2 Rf7 18.Raf1 Re8 19.a4 Qg6 20.Ra1 h5 21.Rg2 h4 22.Kf2 Qh5 23.a5
b5 24.a6 Ba8 25.d5 exd5 26.cxb5 h3 27.Rgg1 f4 28.exf4 Nf5 29.Qd2 d4 30.g4 Qh4+
31.Rg3 Nxg3 32.hxg3 Qe7 33.Bxd4 Qe6 34.Rh1 Qd5 35.Bd1 Qxb5 36.Rxh3 Qc4 37.f5
Bc6 38.f6 Bb5 39.Rh1 c5 40.Bc3 cxb4 41.fxg7 Rfe7 42.Rh8+ Kf7
43.Bb3!! Re2+ [43...Qxb3 leads to mate in two: 44.Qf4+ Ke6
45.Qf5# (or 44...Kg6 45.Qf5#). 44.Qxe2 Rxe2+ 45.Kg1! 1-0. [Click
Perhaps what is not known is that Simutowe was in the race to win the prestigious
World Junior Championship in 2000 despite carrying the 42nd seed at 2322. In
this tournament he had beaten several strong players including future Grandmasters
Surya Ganguly and Pentala Harikrishna. In the last round, he drew and ended
a magical run. He finished on 8½-4½, placing joint second behind
Cuba's Lázaro Bruzón, who scored 10-3. His international reputation
In the last round of the disappointing Wilbert Paige Memorial, Simutowe
does some soul-searching. Photo by Daaim Shabazz
At year's end, he would finally get the chance to represent Zambia on a big
stage at the 2000 Olympiad at Istanbul. He turned in an outstanding performance
on board one with an 8-2 score and a 2603 performance rating and winning a silver
medal. He also qualified for the FIDE Knockout Championships losing to India's
Krishnan Sasikiran 1½-½. In a year's time, his FIDE rating soared
from 2240 to 2470. It was at this point that he embarked on an international
tour to play in competitive tournaments.
In the next year, his travels would take him to Goodricke Invitational (India),
Cappelle La Grande (France), Bad Wörishofen (Germany), Salou Costa Daurada
(Spain), Olympic Masters (Switzerland), BCI Grand Prix (Angola), Smartchess.com
(USA), Mayor's Cup (USA), the World Open (USA), Wilbert Paige Memorial (USA).
After his 6½-2½ near-GM performance in Capelle La Grande, Simutowe
stated he deferred enrollment at an American university to concentrate on the
GM norm. Even the 7½-1½ in Bad Wörishofen was not enough
for the GM norm. Nevertheless, Simutowe was named Zambia's "Sportsman of
the Year," and had strengthened his legend as a national hero.
Later in 2001, Simutowe traveled to the U.S. for the first time and his hectic
travel schedule had caught up with him. He had a series of bad tournaments ending
with the historic Wilbert
Paige Memorial, a tournament with ten of the world's top Black players.
It was held at the famous Hotel Theresa in Harlem, New York. Simutowe's first
trip to America appeared to be a whirlwind vacation, and perhaps he had lost
Round one was a shocker when he
lost a full rook to Canada's Michael Schleifer on a tactical sequence. In
the second round, he would come roaring back with a smashing
win over Ronald Simpson, but it would be the highlight of the event for
him. He made quite an impression in the analysis room showing this game. In
the end, a beleaguered Simutowe (the top seed) would only score 4-5 in a tournament
won by Stephen Muhammad. "I've basically had a bad tournament. In the last
few rounds, I was just waiting to get out of here," he stated. It was clearly
a humbling experience for the then 19-year old Zambian.
Amon Simutowe (far right) with his University of Texas-Dallas team on
the cover of Chess Life
After this disappointing run of tournaments, and losing 2-0 against Ilya Smirin
in the 2001 FIDE Knockout Championships, Simutowe rating had tumbled from 2470
to 2368! He talked about the importance of getting a trainer. However, after
enrolling in the University of Texas-Dallas on an academic scholarship, he was
fortunate to be in an environment where chess received support. He became an
integral part of the UTD chess powerhouse.
During his four years, he helped UTD win two national collegiate titles and
became known for dominating local tournaments and working in the community with
children. However, the GM norm remained an elusive goal. After a 6-3 performance
at Maurice Ashley's HB
Global Chess Challenge in 2005, he gave an interview to The Chess Drum and
stated how much he was focused on his studies. However, he vowed to round back
Simutowe enjoyed his years at UTD and stated in an interview that they were
four of the best years of his life. After having graduated with high honors
(3.73/4.00) from UTD in December 2006, the young Zambian was forced to make
hard decisions on his future. He had been preparing applications for graduate
school and chess became an afterthought. Would he continue his GM title quest?
At some point in the early 2007, Simutowe made the decision that would change
the course of his life. In a May 28th interview with The Chess Drum, he stated
his intention. "The most important decision for me was to decide that I
would put in the next six months to get the norm done," he stated. He then
charted a course by listing a number of competitive tournaments to get into
form and made pleas for financial and material assistance. While neither of
those materialized, he started to receive encouragement from strange places.
"I really love chess.
I've learned a lot… about life… about struggles… people
I've met. I don't think I would've learned as much (without chess)."
Simutowe lecturing in Jamaica on the question of whether he'd rather
be a millionaire or a Grandmaster
The aforementioned interview was conducted during the Chicago
Open where he was inspired by his exciting draw with GM Alexander Shabalov.
He realized that he was playing at a decent level once again. At the same tournament,
something strange happened.
GM Anatoly Lein forfeited his last-round game with Simutowe by stating, "I
am not going to play you because it's unfair to play two Grandmasters in a row
with black pieces." Of course, Simutowe was not a Grandmaster, but perhaps
the wise Russian master had seen something. These signs and others would continue
to follow the young Zambian.
He then trekked to the National
Open and the New Jersey
Futurity… following his dream. His results were mixed, but Simutowe
had played some inspiring chess. This included a sparkling win against GM Hikaru
Nakamura at the U.S. Open. Congratulatory remarks came in from around the world.
Simutowe,Amon (ZAM) (2421) - Nakamura,Hikaru (USA) (2647) [A89]
108th US Open Cherry Hill, USA (6), 02.08.2007
1.d4 f5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 d6 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Bg7 6.0-0 0-0 7.Nc3 Nc6 8.d5
Ne5 9.Nxe5 dxe5 10.e4 f4 11.gxf4 exf4 12.Bxf4 Nxe4 13.Qc1 e5 14.Be3 Nd6 15.Bg5
Qe8 16.Nb5 Rf7 17.Nxd6 cxd6 18.c5 dxc5 19.Qxc5 b6 20.Qc4 Bb7 21.Bh3 Kh8 22.Be6
Rf5 23.Qh4 Qb5 24.a4 Qxb2 25.Rac1 Qb3 26.Rc7 Bxd5
Simutowe finished Nakamura with the snappy 27.Rxg7! Rxg5+
[27…Kxg7 28.Qh6+ Kh8 29.Bxf5 with a mating attack – 28.Bh6+ Kh8
29.Qe7 is also mating] 28.Qxg5 Bxe6 29.Qf6 1-0. [Click
After a mediocre New Jersey Futurity event, Simutowe stated that he needed
a break. The opportunity came for him to travel to the tropical island of Trinidad
& Tobago to play in the CMMB
Caribbean Championships. He would come in joint 1st with Cuba's Humberto
Pecorelli-Garcia and the tournament would provide him with a tune-up for the
tournament in the Netherlands.
Armed with one piece of heavy luggage and his laptops, Simutowe then flew from
Trinidad to Barbados, transferred in London and then on to the Netherlands for
the Euwe tournament. Playing against three legendary figures and several hungry
lions, Simutowe prepared for a tough road.
Simutowe got an idea that something special was happening when he started the
tournament with four wins. This included an impressive win over former women's
world champion, Nona Gaprindashvili. He was interviewed by the Zambian Post
and recounted his excitement:
"This is incredible for me. I was hoping for a good tournament but
I did not expect such a good start. What is even more incredible is that I
have won three of these four games while playing black pieces as this is considered
a disadvantage... Gaprindashvilli is a 66-year-old female chess legend who
was the first woman to earn a male grand master title. Playing her was a great
honour and beating her was something else. She is a former women's world champion
and first woman to earn a male grand master title."
He increased his position after winning against another legend, Fridrick Olafsson.
The "Zambezi Shark" was on a blistering 5½-½ and within
sight of his final GM norm. His games exuded strength and courage and he was
in top form. However, his games were long and grueling. He had mentioned in
a Zambian Post interview that the style he prepared for his opponents was producing
long games and that energy may become a factor. However, he mustered up enough
energy to beat 21-year old WGM Bianca Muhren in a
sharp battle. The game descended into a technical ending which the Zambian
squeezed a win from a probable drawn position.
Simutowe was in form at the Euwe Stimulans [Photo by Fred Lucas]
With two more rounds to gain a ½-point, Simutowe played a crucial game
with 17-year old Helgi Dam Ziska of Faroe Islands. A loss would mean that he
would face a surging Dibyendu Barua in the last round of the tournament for
his norm. This was dangerous as Barua had won five games in a row after a second-round
loss and was rounding into top form.
|Ziska,H (2392) - Simutowe,A (2421)
Euwe Stimulans Arnhem NED (8), 25.08.2007
In the diagram position Ziska played
59.Nxg6+? allowing the win to slip away.
59.Kxc7 would win on the spot. Simutowe
was able to reach a technical draw and
earn his last GM norm. Was this destiny?
In the game against
Ziska, Simutowe equalized and was pushing for the initiative when he began
to run short of time. His 36...Nc7? allowed Ziska to play for a win after the
ensuing complications. Mired in blistering time pressure, Ziska missed a win
and Simutowe miraculously saved the draw. Only the two kings and two queens
were left. "Mission accomplished!" he wrote to The Chess Drum. Congratulatory
remarks came flowing in from all corners of the globe as the Zambezi Shark had
successful trod the hard road to his 3rd GM norm!
He went on to draw with Barua in the last round in yet another grueling battle.
Simutowe pressed for a win until the 83rd move when a draw was agreed. The draw
would give him clear 1st to add to the prestige of his final GM norm. After
earning earning his final norm, Simutowe expressed his desire to serve as an
ambassador for chess and moreover feels it is an obligation. He ended the tournament
with a draw against Barua capping off the tournament with an undefeated 7½-1½
score and a 2687 performance rating.
It is befitting that he would be ushered into Grandmaster status by legends
Nona Gaprindashvili, Oscar Panno and Fridrick Olafsson. Asked about his interaction
with the legends, he stated that Gaprindashvili congratulated him on the way
he played the endgame. "She was disappointed. She is quite competitive.
It makes sense… her high drive to succeed made her a legend." Simutowe
was very impressed with Oscar Panno's generosity after they fought to a draw
in the French: "Panno responded with the French to surprise me because
he knew I was well prepared for his Sicilian. Apart from congratulating me for
my achievement, he was very interesting during our analysis...he spoke of special
games he had played with Spassky and gave some extra analysis about the opening
which was very instructive."
Olafsson congratulated Simutowe and mentioned that he was the first Grandmaster
of Iceland and knew how special this moment was for him. Of course, Simutowe
is still required to get the ELO points to reach 2500, so he has enlisted additional
tournaments to reach this standard. He will compete in the African Championship
beginning on August 31st along with his brother Musatwe. If Simutowe is successful
in winning one of the six coveted spots, it will make his 4th trip to compete
in the FIDE Championship cycle.
Simutowe's presence in the African championship will take on a symbolic significance
since other Grandmasters from Africa will be present. Upon conferral of his
title in the near future, Amon Simutowe will become the 6th Grandmaster in Africa
having been preceded by Slim Bouaziz (Tunisia), Hichem Hamdouchi (Morocco),
Slim Belkhodja (Tunisia), Ahmed Adly (Egypt) and Bassem Amin (Egypt). He will
become the first Grandmaster from sub-Saharan Africa and this will place him
in the position of an ambassador for African chess. From the excitement generated
from his feat, it is apparent that he has inspired people of African ancestry
far and near. It is a journey to become part of the storybook legends and perhaps
a common theme in personal endeavors.
Paulo Coelho's, "The
Alchemist" a young traveler named Santiago meandered from his native
land in search of his "Personal Legend." At different points in his
journey, Santiago, encountered many places and met many people who would make
a deep impression on his life. As he trekked through the Sahara desert in search
of his elusive treasure, he faced many tough decisions. One of them was whether
to continue his search for his treasure. At one point, he almost gave up his
search, but he continued forward. After many trials and tribulations, twists
and turns, success and failures, he found his treasure… in a place he
Amon Simutowe left his native Africa uncertain about what the future may bring.
Having settled in a foreign land, he was able to meet considerable success and
earn an education that would shape his life. He encountered many places and
met many people who would make a deep impression on his life. Unfortunately,
the allure of becoming a Grandmaster was fading. After deep introspection, he
decided to continue his journey in quest of his Personal Legend… the title
With renewed inspiration, he forged ahead. Despite the lack of resources, personal
trials and tribulations and occasional self-doubt, he accomplished his dream!
While Simutowe did not travel across the Saharan desert, he has traveled a long
way to find his Personal Legend. When he left the Netherlands after earning
his 3rd norm, he flew over the Sahara, landed back on African soil with his
destiny fulfilled as a chess Grandmaster. "Maktub"… it was written!
Amon Simutowe receives his certificate for the GM result. Photo by Ben Schulte
About the author
Dr. Daaim Shabazz is the creator and webmaster of The
Chess Drum, a 6,000 page website highlighting Pan-African
chess. He serves as a tenured faculty member at Florida A&M University
in Tallahassee, Florida, USA, where he teaches international business.
He has served the journalist community for 20 years (including a short
stint with Sports Illustrated in New York) and is a member of Chess Journalists