The RJF Committee informs us that Robert James Fischer, former world chess
champion became an Icelander today, March 21st at 5.06 p.m., when he was granted
Icelandic Citizenship. I took Althingi only 12 minutes to pass the legislation
bill (attached) through three sessions by special variation from the statues
of the Icelandic Parliament.
The above picture shows one of Fischers strongest supporter at the Althingi,
MP Össur Skaprhedinsson, leader of the Icelandic Democratic Party, at
the rostrum. Seated to his right are Prime minister H. Asgrimsson; Minister
of Foreign Affairs D. Oddsson (who granted Fischer a residence permit for
Iceland last December); Minister of Justice B. Bjarnason. Only half of the
Parliament hall can been seen. There were 42 members of parliament present,
21 absent. The voting went: 40 in favour, 2 abstentions 0 opposed.
131st Legislative Session 2004-2005
Parliamentary Document 1007 — Case no. 66
respecting the granting of citizenship
From the General Committee
Icelandic citizenship shall be granted to:
Fischer, Robert James, b. 9 March 1943 in the United States.
This Act shall enter into force at once.
The General Committee recommends that Robert James Fischer (Bobby Fischer)
be granted Icelandic citizenship. Pursuant to Article 6 of the Icelandic
Citizenship Act, no. 100/1952, Althingi [the Parliament of Iceland] may
grant citizenship by statute.
Respecting the Granting of Citizenship
Icelandic citizenship shall be granted to:
Fischer, Robert James, b. 9 March 1943 in the United States.
This Act shall enter into force at once.
Approved in Althingi [the Parliament of Iceland] on
21 March 2005
Translated from the Icelandic
International: Iceland offer for fugitive Fischer
March 21, 2005, 18:21 GMT: Iceland's parliament has voted
to grant citizenship to fugitive U.S. chess star Bobby Fischer. The legislation,
passed Monday with 40 lawmakers voting "aye" and two abstaining
following a brief debate, became law immediately. "I am very pleased
with this, and I think that the dignity of the parliament has increased,"
Fischer's supporter Saemundur Palsson said, adding that Fischer would be
informed Tuesday morning Japanese time. "I hope that he will stop
cursing the Americans now. It has gotten him into so much trouble,"
Palsson told reporters. Einar S. Einarsson, another of Fischer's key supporters,
said he had spoken to the mercurial chess genius earlier in the day. Fischer
hoped the process would be quick, and "I don't think it could have
been much quicker," Einarsson said. The bill went through the required
three readings in 12 minutes.
York Times: In Step Toward Freedom, Iceland Grants Citizenship to Fischer
March 21, 2005: Iceland's parliament voted today to grant Icelandic citizenship
to the American chess champion Bobby Fischer, laying the groundwork, his
supporters said, for his release from the Japanese prison where he has
been detained since last summer. "We are most happy," said Einar
S. Einarsson, spokesman for a committee that has been fighting to allow
Mr. Fischer to leave Japan, where he is being held in prison while he fights
deportation to the United States. Mr. Einarsson, who called Mr. Fischer
"part of our modern saga and part of our recent history," said
that the 62-year-old chess champion might be released "in only a few
days" and that an Icelandic delegation planned to travel to Tokyo
to escort him back to Reykjavik.
Today: Iceland grants Fischer citizenship
March 22, 2005 at 05:43 JST: The Icelandic parliament made its definitive
vote Monday to grant fugitive U.S. chess star Bobby Fischer citizenship.
Bjarni Benediktsson, chairman of the General Committee, said, "Today
the parliament voted on the proposal and agreed by 40 votes and two abstentions
in favor of granting citizenship." A top Japanese immigration official
reportedly confirmed last week that Fischer would be released and deported
to Iceland if he was granted citizenship. Whilst Iceland's role in the
legal process is complete, it remains to be seen whether Japan will fulfill
its part of the bargain and release the detained chess star. (Kyodo News)
News: Iceland grants Fischer passport
21 March, 2005, 19:12 GMT: Former world chess champion Bobby Fischer has
been granted Icelandic citizenship after a vote in the country's parliament.
Mr Fischer, 62, has been on the run from the US for more than 10 years
for violating economic sanctions in a match he played in former Yugoslavia
in 1992. Japan, where Mr Fischer is being held, has said it will not deport
him to the US if Iceland grants him citizenship.
Iceland offers chess master asylum
22 March 2005, 2:16 Makka Time: Former world chess champion and American
fugitive Bobby Fischer has been granted citizenship by Iceland. Currently
in detention in Japan fighting a US deportation order, the citizenship
enables the 62-year-old chess master to settle in the tiny North Atlantic
republic where he won the world title in 1972. Iceland's single-chamber
assembly approved citizenship for Fischer by 40 votes in favour and none
against, said parliamentarian Bjarni Benediktsson. He said the decision
would enter into force within the next few days.
News: Iceland Grants Citizenship for Chess Star
Mar 21, 2005: Iceland, the country where Bobby Fischer won the world chess
championship a generation ago, granted citizenship to the 62-year-old recluse
Monday a boost to Fischer's efforts to fight deportation from Japan to
the United States. Fischer, who is wanted by the United States for violating
economic sanctions against the former Yugoslavia by playing a highly publicized
match there in 1992, has been in Japanese custody since July 13. He was
detained while trying to board a flight with an invalid passport. Immigration
officials in Iceland said a passport for Fischer could be ready as early
Release By John Bosnitch
Chairman of the Committee to Free Bobby Fischer, Tokyo, Japan
Bobby Fischer wins Icelandic Citizenship!
Chess Legend Sets World Record in 12-Minute Vote, Preparations in Progress
to Leave Japan
Bobby Fischer has succeeded in his quest for Icelandic citizenship! The Icelandic
parliament, the Althingi, has granted World Chess Champion Bobby Fischer full
citizenship as an Icelander. The Althingi, which is the world's oldest existing
democratic parliament, has made history by standing up to the earth's sole
superpower and demonstrating that it can no longer bully individuals or nations
around. Despite a stern U.S. diplomatic warning, the parliament of Iceland
at 5:06 PM on Monday local time voted by 40 in favor to 0 opposed, with only
2 abstentions, to make Bobby Fischer a full citizen. The name of this tiny
North Atlantic island has become synonymous with human freedom! Despite the
danger of U.S. retaliation, the brave legislators proved their Viking roots
by setting a world record of 12 minutes to complete the three parliamentary
readings of the citizenship bill for persecuted U.S. national hero Bobby Fischer!
With Icelandic citizenship, Bobby Fischer has now met the conditions explicitly
set last week by Japanese Immigration Bureau chief Masaharu Miura and Justice
Minister Chieko Nohno, who both stated that he will be free to end almost nine
months in detention in Japan and to leave for freedom in Iceland.
The United States had tried to seize Bobby Fischer by secretly and illegally
claiming that his U.S. passport had been revoked in an effort to have him deported
to the United States. They had accused him of the "crime" of playing
chess in Yugoslavia in 1992 without U.S. government permission. Bobby Fischer
had rightly spat in the U.S. presidential dictate and has spent the last 13
years as a so-called "fugitive" from U.S. injustice, not
justice. He has traveled the world under his own name, freely, never hiding
and always ready to defend his freedom against U.S. dictates. As he did when
he won the world chess championship in 1972, Bobby has shown that individual
freedom will always win.
The Committee to Free Bobby Fischer is holding two urgent news conferences
on Tuesday in Tokyo. At 11:30 AM there will be conference at the Japanese Ministry
of Justice. This conference will be held in Japanese and no cameras or video
equipment are allowed into the ministry building. This conference will be to
review the ministry's response to the demand for immediate release that the
Committee will be submitting to the Justice Minister as soon as the ministry
opens in the morning.
At 2 PM on Tuesday, March 22, 2005, the Committee to Free Bobby Fischer will
hold its main news conference at the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan
at the Yurakucho Denki Building at Hibiya/Yurakucho Station in central Tokyo.
This conference is open to all and full video and camera coverage is allowed.
If Bobby Fischer is free by then, he will conduct the news conference
If Bobby has not yet been released, the news conference will be conducted
by Free Bobby Fischer Committee Chairman John Bosnitch and Bobby Fischer's
lead lawyer Ms. Masako Suzuki. John Bosnitch has spelled out the committee's
immediate objective as, "getting Bobby Fischer onto a plane to freedom
as soon as humanly possible." Masako Suzuki will explain the procedures
taking place to obtain Bobby's immediate release and departure for Iceland.
John Bosnitch will outline the steps that the Committee will take from this
point forward to protect Bobby from further unlawful seizure by the United
States, as well as new legal action being filed on Tuesday in the United States
for declaratory relief against the U.S. government, including a binding order
of habeas corpus against all U.S. officials and actions for compensation for
false imprisonment and for intentional infliction of emotional distress.
"This is a historic battle pitting the world's sole superpower-bully
against one lone man who had the courage to fight for his own freedom to think
and speak as he chooses. Bobby Fischer is standing up as a hero of every oppressed
individual in the world," said John Bosnitch. "Freedom of belief
and human rights will triumph over tyrannical persecution."
The Free Bobby Fischer Committee extends its deepest congratulations and most
sincere thanks to the Icelandic Robert James Fischer Committee, the
Icelandic Althingi and the courageous people of Iceland. "We dream of
a world brave enough to follow your example!"
Previous ChessBase articles
Fischer to receive Icelandic citizenship
has just got its tenth grandmaster – Robert James Fischer," rejoiced
the RJF Committee. The country's parliament decided unanimously a few
hours ago to grant Fischer Icelandic citizenship. Japanese authorities
have confirmed that in such a case they would release the detained
former world champion. Long read.
Playing the Al Capone Gambit against Fischer
a strategy that worked well on leading mob figures: if you can't get
them, let the IRS do the job. Former world champions Fischer was
initially detained in Japan because of invalid travel document, then we
were told it was for breaking sanctions in 1992. Now it looks like the
US government will use tax evasion and money laundering to bring him
down. Reports and video.
Fischer: five days in solitary confinement
We had just reported about Fischer's new passport, which an Icelandic
delegation had carried to Japan. A minor mystery was why it had not been
handed over to him last Wednesday, as planned. Now we learn that Japanese
authorities had put the former world champion into solitary confinement.
For five days. Over a hard-boiled egg. We
are not joking.
passport – to freedom?
March 9th is Bobby Fischer's 62nd birthday. By chance a very special
gift has arrived in Japan for the former world champion: an Icelandic
passport with which he may be able to travel to freedom after more
than six months in a Japanese detention facility. We have exclusive
pictures of the new passport.
receives an Icelandic passport
Immigration authorities in Iceland have decided to issue full travel
documents for former world champion Bobby Fischer, who is being held
in Japanese detention for not possessing a valid passport. Fischer's
new passport will be sent to Japan by diplomatic mail, and a delegation
is traveling there to escort
him to Iceland.
lawyer Masako Suzuki speaks out
Is Japan buckling under pressure by the US? Bobby Fischer, 61, former
World Champion of Chess who has been jailed in Japan for six months now,
is applying for Icelandic citizenship. But Tokyo seems to be balking
at a constructive solution entailing his release to Iceland. Fischer's
lawyer Masako Suzuki has given us an exclusive
Fischer applies for Icelandic Citizenship
the Japanese authorities last week refused Fischer's request to be extradited
to Iceland the chess legend, who is being held in a Japanese detention
facility, has today written to the President of the Icelandic Althingi
(picture), applying for Icelandic citizenship. A special law would have
to be passed to grant
Fischer – immigration plans on ice
supporters filed a petition that Fischer might be released from detention
in a Tokyo jail and allowed to travel to Iceland, where he has been granted
refuge. But Japanese Justice Ministry lawyers said they were not prepared
to change Fischer's deportation destination to Iceland, and that he would
have to remain in detention. A
harsh blow for the chess legend.
Fischer – six months in jail
July 13, 2004 he was arrested at Narita Airport in Tokyo, for attempting
to leave the country on an invalidated. Since then the greatest hero
of Western chess has been languishing in a Japanese detention facility,
now physically exhausted and suffering from dizzy spells. His Icelandic
friends, who are offering him refuge, have launched another appeal
to the authorities.
threatens Iceland, Fischer Committee appeals
is under US pressure to drop plans to offer a home to fugitive former
chess champion Bobby Fischer, the Reuters news agency tells us. But the
Icelandic government has stated that its offer "will not be withdrawn
despite pressure from the United States." How do we know that? Among
other things we read it in Aljazeera, would you believe? Here's the latest
on this international
Committee mobilizes pro-Fischer forces|
While Bobby Fischer remains incarcerated in a Japanese prison a special
committee in Iceland is moving to get him free and find him a home on
the North-Atlantic island country. Iceland's foreign minister and a prominent
political scientist have spoken out. Here's a report on Fischer's Iceland
to get refuge in Iceland?
The news today on Bobby Fischer, who is currently being held in a Japanese
detention facilities pending extradition to the US, is that the Icelandic
government has offered to grant him a residence permit. In a telephone
interview Fischer speaks about his plight in Japan and reacts to statements
by Garry Kasparov on Fischer Random Chess. Full
to the 'scene of the crime'
Twelve years ago Boris Spassky played a match against Bobby Fischer in
Yugoslavia. That got Fischer into a lot of trouble, while for Spassky,
a French citizen, there were no repercussions. Now the tenth world champion
returned to Belgrade to open the Belgrade Chess Trophy. Quick
to Bush and Koizumi: 'You are going to pay for this!'
Bobby Fischer, still in detention in Japan, has spoken out again in an
interview, this time threatening the Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi
and US President Bush: "You are going to pay for this, and you are going
to pay for your crimes in Iraq too." His new lawyer, Richard J. Vattuone,
plans to release documents to prove US government involvement in a
plot against Fischer.
want to live together forever'
She collected pictures of her chess hero after his match with Boris Spassky
in 1972. One year later they met in Tokyo – the start of a romance spanning
decades. Since four years the two have lived together in downtown Kamata
in Tokyo's Ota Ward. In an exclusive interview for ChessBase Miyoko Watai
tells us the story of her life
with Bobby Fischer.
to Bobby Fischer
In emotional phone calls from his detention cell in Tokyo ex world champion
Bobby Fischer gave a Philippine radio station two lengthy interviews. Fischer
is facing deportation and incarceration in the US, and voices his nightmare
fears: "I will be tried, convicted, sentenced, imprisoned, tortured and
murdered." We have summary transcripts
and audio files.
moments around Fischer's deportation
First the Japanese Justice Minister Daizo Nozawa issued a deportation order
against former world champion Bobby Fischer's, then Fischer's lawyers filed
a lightning appeal on the grounds that physical deportation would be a
flagrant violation of Fischer's right to full legal recourse and protection
under Japanese law. Here's the full
story by Fischer's legal coordinator.
Fischer and I have decided to marry'
Bobby Fischer, the former world chess champion, plans to marry the president
of the Japan Chess Association (and four-time Japanese women's champion)
Miyoko Watai. This was reported in newspapers and wire services last night.
Now Watai-san has sent us a statement explaining the background of her
personal relationship with Fischer.
renounces US citizenship
Bobby Fischer has been moved to a new detention facility in Tokyo, pending
a decision on his deportation to the US, where he faces a 10-year jail
sentence. A lot of new material has surfaced, including Fischer's handwritten
renouncement of his US citizenship and a blow-by-blow description and picture
of his arrest at Narita Airport. Harrowing
to Bush: Arrest me!
Boris Spassky, who played the contentious return match against Bobby Fischer
in Yugoslavia 1992, for which the latter is currently facing deportation
and incarceration in the US, has appealed to President Bush to show mercy
and charity for his tormented successor. If for some reason that should
be impossible, Spassky suggests a very
Bobby Fischer's appeal against his deportation was rejected today by Japanese
authorities. Meanwhile the Icelandic Chess Federation has appealed to US
president Bush to pardon Fischer and set up a petition web site to collect
signatures. In Tokyo a "Free Fischer Press Conference" is scheduled for
a sacrificial pawn?
Bobby Fischer is still in detention at Narita Airport in Tokyo, traumatised
but stubborn, "behaving like a Samurai". At the same time news outlets
all over the world are covering the story, with Fischer's brother-in-law
Russell Targ assailing the Bush administration for playing election year
politics with the former chess champion's freedom. There's
a lot to be read...
of Life: Kasparov on Fischer – in full
The news of Fischer's arrest in Japan came as a shock to Garry Kasparov,
who was in a holiday camp working intensely on the games of his greatest
American predecessor. In today's issue of The Wall Street Journal Kasparov
assesses Fischer's chess career – for a public that was being exposed to
his current situation. We now bring you Kasparov's
Fischer be extradited?
Chess legend Bobby Fischer, the hero of millions, languishes in the detention
facilities of Narita Airport in Tokyo, waiting for a decision by Japanese
Immigration authorities on his deportation to the US. We have collected
all the documents and reconstructed a timeline to his arrest. Fischer,
who has no legal counsel, is appealing
for international assistance.
Fischer detained in Japan (updated)
It's the latest twist in the sad tale of American former world champion
Bobby Fischer. He has been detained in Japan and faces possible deportation
to the US to face charges for playing in Yugoslavia in 1992. Fischer's
website says he was "very nearly killed" in Japan. The story has been picked
up by news services all over the